State-of-the-Art Review on the Characteristics of Surfactants and Foam from Foam Concrete Perspective

  • Sritam Swapnadarshi Sahu
  • Indu Siva Ranjani Gandhi
  • Selija Khwairakpam
Review Paper


Foam concrete finds application in many areas, generally as a function of its relatively lightweight and its beneficial properties in terms of reduction in dead load on structure, excellent thermal insulation and contribution to energy conservation. For production of foam concrete with desired properties, stable and good quality foam is the key requirement. It is to be noted that the selection of surfactant and foam production parameters play a vital role in the properties of foam which in turn affects the properties of foam concrete. However, the literature available on the influence of characteristics of foaming agent and foam on the properties of foam concrete are rather limited. Hence, a more systematic research is needed in this direction. The focus of this work is to provide a review on characteristics of surfactant (foaming agent) and foam for use in foam concrete production.


Foam concrete Surfactant Critical micelle concentration Viscosity Surfactant concentration 


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Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sritam Swapnadarshi Sahu
    • 1
  • Indu Siva Ranjani Gandhi
    • 1
  • Selija Khwairakpam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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