Advertisement

A Factorial Design Approach to Analyse the Effect of Coarse Recycled Concrete Aggregates on the Properties of Hot Mix Asphalt

  • Kiranbala Tanty
  • Bibhuti Bhusan Mukharjee
  • Sudhanshu Shekhar Das
Original Contribution
  • 134 Downloads

Abstract

The present study investigates the effect of replacement of coarse fraction of natural aggregates by recycled concrete aggregates on the properties of hot mix asphalt (HMA) using general factorial design approach. For this two factors i.e. recycled coarse aggregates percentage [RCA (%)] and bitumen content percentage [BC (%)] are considered. Tests have been carried out on the HMA type bituminous concrete, prepared with varying RCA (%) and BC (%). Analysis of variance has been performed on the experimental data to determine the effect of the chosen factors on various parameters such as stability, flow, air void, void mineral aggregate, void filled with bitumen and bulk density. The study depicts that RCA (%) and BC (%) have significant effect on the selected responses as p value is less than the chosen significance level. In addition to above, the outcomes of the statistical analysis indicate that interaction between factors have significant effects on void mineral aggregate and bulk density of bituminous concrete.

Keywords

ANOVA Coarse recycled concrete aggregates Hot mix asphalt 

References

  1. 1.
    M.S. De Juan, P.A. Gutiérrez, Study on the influence of attached mortar content on the properties of recycled concrete aggregate. Constr. Build. Mater. 23(2), 872–877 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.H. Aljassar, K.B. Al-Fadala, M.A. Ali, Recycling building demolition waste in hot-mix asphalt concrete: a case study in Kuwait. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manag. 7(2), 112–115 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Arabani, F. Moghadas Nejad, A.R. Azarhoosh, Laboratory evaluation of recycled waste concrete into asphalt mixtures. Int. J. Pavement Eng. 14(6), 531–539 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Arulrajah, J. Piratheepan, M.M. Disfani, Reclaimed asphalt pavement and recycled concrete aggregate blends in pavement subbases: laboratory and field evaluation. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 26(2), 349–357 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Bhusal, X. Li, H. Wen, Evaluation of effects of recycled concrete aggregate on volumetrics of hot-mix asphalt. Transp. Res. Rec. J. Transp. Res. Board 2205, 36–39 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Chen, J. Lin, S. Wu, Potential of recycled fine aggregates powder as filler in asphalt mixture. Constr. Build. Mater. 25(10), 3909–3914 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Munoth, R.K. Jain, G. Raheja, T.S. Brar, Issues of sustainable redevelopment of city core: a study of developed and developing countries. J. Inst. Eng. Ser. A 94(2), 117–122 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.J. Chen, Y.D. Wong, Porous asphalt mixture with 100% recycled concrete aggregate. Road Mater. Pavement Des. 14(4), 921–932 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y.-H. Cho, T. Yun, I.T. Kim, N.R. Choi, The application of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) for hot mix asphalt (HMA) base layer aggregate. KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 15(3), 473–478 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.S. Poon, D. Chan, Feasible use of recycled concrete aggregates and crushed clay brick as unbound road sub-base. Constr. Build. Mater. 20(8), 578–585 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Vegas, J.A. Ibañez, A. Lisbona, A.S. de Cortazar, M. Frías, Pre-normative research on the use of mixed recycled aggregates in unbound road sections. Constr. Build. Mater. 25(5), 2674–2682 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.R. Hill, A.R. Dawson, M. Mundy, Utilisation of aggregate materials in road construction and bulk fill. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 32(3), 305–320 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y.D. Wong, D.D. Sun, D. Lai, Value-added utilisation of recycled concrete in hot-mix asphalt. Waste Manag 27(2), 294–301 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.R. Gabr, D.A. Cameron, Properties of recycled concrete aggregate for unbound pavement construction. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 24(6), 754–764 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M.M. Rafi, A. Qadir, S.H. Siddiqui, Experimental testing of hot mix asphalt mixture made of recycled aggregates. Waste Manag. Res. 29(12), 1316–1326 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Zulkati, Y.D. Wong, D.D. Sun, Mechanistic performance of asphalt-concrete mixture incorporating coarse recycled concrete aggregate. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 25(9), 1299–1305 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.R. Pasandín, I. Pérez, Mechanical properties of hot-mix asphalt made with recycled concrete aggregates coated with bitumen emulsion. Constr. Build. Mater. 55, 350–358 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.S. Pourtahmasb, M.R. Karim, S. Shamshirband, Resilient modulus prediction of asphalt mixtures containing recycled concrete aggregate using an adaptive neuro-fuzzy methodology. Constr. Build. Mater. 82, 257–263 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A.R. Pasandín, I. Pérez, J.R.M. Oliveira, H.M.R.D. Silva, P.A.A. Pereira, Influence of ageing on the properties of bitumen from asphalt mixtures with recycled concrete aggregates. J. Clean. Prod. 101, 165–173 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    I. Pérez, A.R. Pasandín, L. Medina, Hot mix asphalt using C&D waste as coarse aggregates. Mater. Des. 36, 840–846 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    I. Pérez, A.R. Pasandín, J. Gallego, Stripping in hot mix asphalt produced by aggregates from construction and demolition waste. Waste Manag. Res. 30(1), 3–11 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A.R. Pasandín, I. Pérez, Laboratory evaluation of hot-mix asphalt containing construction and demolition waste. Constr. Build. Mater. 43, 497–505 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A.R. Pasandín, I. Pérez, Overview of bituminous mixtures made with recycled concrete aggregates. Constr. Build. Mater. 74, 151–161 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    D.C. Montgomery, Design and Analysis of Experiments (Wiley, New York, 2008), pp. 60–218Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.L. Correia, F.L. Souza, G. Dienstmann, A.M. Segadaes, Assessment of the recycling potential of fresh concrete waste using a factorial design of experiments. Waste Manag 29(11), 2886–2891 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S.L. Correia, T. Partala, F.C. Loch, A.M. Segadães, Factorial design used to model the compressive strength of mortars containing recycled rubber. Compos. Struct. 92(9), 2047–2051 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    F. López-Gayarre, C. López-Colina, M.A. Serrano-López, E.G. Taengua, A.L. Martínez, Assessment of properties of recycled concrete by means of a highly fractioned factorial design of experiment. Constr. Build. Mater. 25(10), 3802–3809 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M.L. Nehdi, J. Summer, Optimization of ternary cementitious mortar blends using factorial experimental plans. Mater. Struct. 35(8), 495–503 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    D.-H. Shen, J.-C. Du, Application of gray relational analysis to evaluate HMA with reclaimed building materials. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 17(4), 400–406 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    IS: 2386, Methods of Test for Aggregates for Concrete (Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1963)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kiranbala Tanty
    • 1
  • Bibhuti Bhusan Mukharjee
    • 1
  • Sudhanshu Shekhar Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringVeer Surendra Sai University of TechnologySambalpurIndia

Personalised recommendations