Properties of Fly Ash Blocks Made from Adobe Mould

  • Alankrit Chokhani
  • B. S. Divakar
  • Archana S. Jawalgi
  • M. V. Renukadevi
  • K. S. Jagadish
Original Contribution
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Fly ash being one of the industrial waste products poses a serious disposal problem. This paper presents an experimental study of utilization of fly ash to produce blocks with varying proportions and mix combinations. Composition of fly ash blocks mainly consist of fly ash and sand, with cementitious product as either cement, lime or both, such as fly ash-sand-cement, fly ash-sand-lime and fly ash-sand-cement-lime are used. Four different proportions for each of the mix combinations are experimented. Compressive strength, water absorption, Initial rate of absorption, and dry density of fly ash blocks are studied. The influence of partial and complete replacement of cement by lime is examined.

Keywords

Blocks Fly ash Embodied energy Sustainability 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors would like to acknowledge sincere thanks to Mrinmayee Consultants, Bangalore, India and R V college of Engineering, Bangalore, India and for providing support to carry out this research work.

References

  1. 1.
    S. Deboucha, R. Roslan Hashim, A review on bricks and stabilized compressed earth blocks. Sci. Res. Essays 6(3), 499–506 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.A. Adam, A.R.A. Agib. Compressed Stabilised Earth Block Manufacture in Sudan. (Graphoprint for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, UNESCO©, July 2001), pp. 7Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    K.S. Jagadish, B.V. Venkatarama Reddy, K.S. Nanjuda Rao, Alternative building materials and technologies, 2nd edn. (New Delhi, New age International (P) Limited, 2017), p. 3Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Khan, H. Vyas, A study of impact of brick industries on environment and human health in Ujjain City (India). J. Environ. Res. Dev. 2(3), 421–425 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    K.S. Jagadish, Building with Stabilised mud (I. K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2015), p. 5Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Sumathi, K. Saravana Raja Mohan. Compressive strength of fly ash brick with addition of lime, gypsum and quarry dust. Int. J. ChemTech Res. 7(01), 28–36 (2014–2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Cultrone, E. Sebastián, Fly ash addition in clayey materials to improve the quality of solid bricks. Constr Build Mater 23, 1178–1184 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    O. Kayali. High performance bricks from fly ash. Paper Presented at the 2005 World of Coal Ash (WOCA), Lexington, April 11–15, 2005Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.A. Lima, H. Varum, A. Sales, V.F. Neto, Analysis of the mechanical properties of compressed earth block masonry using the sugarcane bagasse ash. Constr. Buil. Mater. 35, 829–837 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Torkaman, A. Ashori, A.S. Momtazi, Using wood fibre waste, rice husk ash, and limestone powder waste as cement replacement materials for lightweight concrete blocks. Const. Build. Mater. 50, 432–436 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    IS 2185—Part-1: 2005, Concrete Masonry Units Specificationpart 1Hollow and Solid Concrete blocks Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    IS 1077: 1992, Common Burnt Clay Building BricksSpecification Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    IS 1725: 2013, Stabilised Soil Blocks used in General Building ConstructionSpecification Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K.S.Gumaste. Studies of strength and elasticity of brick masonry Walls, Ph.D Thesis. (Department of Civil Engineering, IISc, Bangalore, 2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K.S. Jagadish, Structural Masonry (I. K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2015), p. 11, 22, 27Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alankrit Chokhani
    • 1
  • B. S. Divakar
    • 1
  • Archana S. Jawalgi
    • 2
  • M. V. Renukadevi
    • 2
  • K. S. Jagadish
    • 3
  1. 1.JSS Academy of Technical EducationBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.R V College of EngineeringBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations