GIS Mapping and Breeding Habitat Characterization of Anophelines Occurring in Malaria Endemic Areas of Hooghly, WB, India
The mosquitoes are small dipteran insect vectors responsible for various diseases like malaria as one of the major health problem that causes enormous mortality and morbidity in tropical and subtropical countries. The breeding habitat of mosquitoes is crucial for its population dynamics, since it is the location where many important life cycle processes occur such as oviposition, larval development, and emergence of the adult take place. The present study depicted the spatial distribution of anopheline larval (Anopheles subpictus) habitats using GIS mapping in malaria prone blocks of Hooghly district, West Bengal, India. Physico-chemical parameters like pH, dissolved oxygen content, turbidity, alkalinity, total dissolved solids and chloride content in relation to the larval prevalence of various breeding habitats were recorded during the study period (from Dec’2015 to Nov’2016). The present investigation showed the correlation between the physico-chemical parameters and anopheline larval abundance to be considered as a key factor for taking effective management programme to combat malaria .
KeywordsAnopheline larvae Anopheles subpictus Breeding habitat GIS mapping Physicochemical parameters
The authors are thankful to PURSE, DST FIST, The University of Burdwan for providing the infrastructure to carry out the work.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- 1.Porter AG, Elizabeth WD, Liu JW (1993) Mosquitocidal toxins of bacilli and their genetic manipulation for effective biological control of mosquitoes. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 57(4):838–861Google Scholar
- 2.Cook GC, Zumla A (2003) Hanson’s tropical diseases, 21st edn. WB Saunders Co., Ltd., LondonGoogle Scholar
- 3.Poopathi S, Tyagi BK (2006) The challenge of mosquito control strategies: from primordial to molecular approaches. Biotechnol Mol Biol Rev 1(2):51–65Google Scholar
- 6.Ghosh KK, Chakraborty S, Bhattacharya S, Palit A, Tandom N, Hati AK (1985) Anopheles annularis as a vector of malaria in rural West Bengal. Ind J Malariol 22:65–69Google Scholar
- 9.IndiaMapia. Pandua (West Bengal) Map. http://www.indiamapia.com/Hooghly/Pandua.html. Accessed 2017
- 10.Inmap.in. Information About Sarai-tinna Pandua Hooghly West Bengal. http://inmap.in/Sarai-tinna/Pandua/Hooghly/West Bengal. Accessed 2017
- 11.World Health Organization (1992) Lymphatic filariasis, the disease and its control. Fifth report of the WHO Expert Committee on Filariasis. WHO Tech Rep Ser 821:1–31Google Scholar
- 12.Service MW (1983) Mosquito ecology: field sampling methods. Applied Science Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
- 14.Reid JA (1968) Anopheles mosquitoes in Malaysia and Borneo. Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur, p 520Google Scholar
- 15.American Public Health Association (2005) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 21st edn. American Public Health Association, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 16.Nagpal BN, Sharma VP (1995) Indian Anophelines. Science Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 17.Olayemi IK, Omalu IC, Famotele OI, Shegna SP, Idris B (2010) Distribution of mosquito larvae in relation to physicochemical characteristics of breeding habitats in Minna, North Central Nigeria. Agriculture 1:49–53Google Scholar
- 19.Norkuti M (2014) The effect of abiotic and landscape features on abundance of Anopheles larvae. Independent project/Degree project/SLU, Department of EcologyGoogle Scholar
- 22.Symes CB (1932). Notes on the infectivity, food and breeding waters of anophelines in Kenya. Rec. Mea, Res. Lab. Kenya No. 4:28Google Scholar
- 23.Mosna E (1937) The natural history of mosquitoes. The Macmillan Co, New York, p 379Google Scholar
- 25.MacGregor ME (1972) Mosquito surveys. Welcome Bureau of Scientific Research, London, p 282Google Scholar
- 26.Woodhill AR (1938) Salinity tolerance and pH range of Cx. futigans with notes on the anal papillae of salt water mosquitoes. Proc Linn Soc NSW 63:273–281Google Scholar