Comparative Analysis of Biochemical Attributes of Genus Polygonatum in Western Himalaya


P. cirrhifolium, P. multiflorum and P. verticillatum are important medicinal herb of genus Polygonatum found in Himalaya and are used in many ayurvedic formulations including Chyavanprash. However, a comparative account on their biochemical attributes in Himalaya is still lacking. Therefore, the present attempt was made to explore the polyphenolics and antioxidant activity in targeted species. Result revealed a varied range of polyphenolics (i.e., phenolics 1.90–6.12; tannins 1.57–3.78; flavonols 1.30–8.59; flavonoids 1.83–7.32 mg/g dry weight, respectively) and antioxidant activity (ABTS 3.22–6.11; DPPH 0.99–1.70; FRAP 0.35–2.32 mM AAE/100 g dry weight). Results are indicative that P. verticillatum possesses higher polyphenolic activity and P. cirrhifolium is rich in DPPH and FRAP activity. However, P. verticillatum and P. cirrhifolium are threatened in wild and hence, P. multiflorum with maximum total flavonoids and total antioxidant ABTS activity can be prioritized and used as a substitute to reduce pressure on these species.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2


  1. 1.

    Guo C, Li C, Yu Y, Chen W, Ma T, Zhou Z (2016) Antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activities of protodioscin in a high-fat diet and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. RSC Adv 6:88640–88646

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Wang SY, Yu QJ, Bao JK, Liu B (2011) Polygonatum cyrtonema lectin, a potential antineoplastic drug targeting programmed cell death pathways. Biochem Bioph Res Co 406:497–500

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Suyal R, Rawat S, Rawal RS, Bhatt ID (2019) Variability in morphology, phytochemicals and antioxidants in Polygonatum verticillatum (L) all populations under different altitudes and habitat conditions in Western Himalaya. India. Environ Monit Assess. 191:783

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Balkrishna A, Srivastava A, Mishra RK, Patel SP, Vashistha RK, Singh A, Jadon V, Saxena P (2012) Astavarga plants-threatened medicinal herbs of the North-West Himalaya. Int J Med Arom Plants 2:661–676

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Ballabh B, Chaurasia OP, Ahmed Z, Singh SB (2008) Traditional medicinal plants of cold desert Ladakh-used against kidney and urinary disorders. J Ethnopharmacol 118:331–339

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Suyal R, Bhatt D, Rawal RS, Tewari LM (2019) Status of two threatened Astavarga herbs, Polygonatum cirrhifolium and Malaxis muscifera, in West Himalaya: conservation implications. Proc Natl Acad Sci India Sect B Biol Sci.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Ved DK, Kinhal GA, Ravikumar K, Prabhakaran V, Ghate U, Sankar V, Indresha JH (2003) Conservation assessment and management prioritization for the medicinal plants of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Uttaranchal. Proceedings of the workshop held at Shimla during 19–24 May, 2003. Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Tradition spp. 1–24. Unpublished report

  8. 8.

    Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventos RM (1999) Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Methods Enzymol 299:152–178

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Suyal R, Bahukhandi A, Rawal RS, Upadhyay S (2020) Polyphenolics and antioxidant activity of Mahonia jaunsarensis Ahrendt: a narrow endemic to West Himalaya. Natl Acad Sci Lett.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Bahukhandi A, Barola A, Bhatt ID (2020) Impact of solvent system on polyphenolics and antioxidant activity of Gloriosa superba L.: herbaceous species of Western Himalaya. Natl Acad Sci Lett.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors thank Director, G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment, Almora, for extending the facilities. Financial support of Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India under its Botanical Garden scheme (F.N. BSI-290/6/2013-Tech; Date- 29/09/2013) is gratefully acknowledged.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Renu Suyal.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Suyal, R., Bahukhandi, A., Bhatt, I.D. et al. Comparative Analysis of Biochemical Attributes of Genus Polygonatum in Western Himalaya. Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. (2021).

Download citation


  • Polygonatum
  • Threatened medicinal herb
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Western Himalaya