National Academy Science Letters

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 169–172 | Cite as

Effect of Solvent on Average Size and Size Distribution of Platinum Nanoparticles

  • M. Y. Rekha
  • R. Akash
  • Chandan SrivastavaEmail author
Short Communication


Synthesis process engineering to alter size of nanoparticles has been a subject of constant exploration. Effect of reaction solvent on nanoparticle size evolution in wet chemistry based techniques has however been scarcely explored. This report illustrates interesting dependence of average size and size distribution of Pt nanoparticles on synergistic variations in reaction solvent type, precursor-to-surfactant molar ratio and reaction mixture heating rate. It is illustrated that using a suitable combination of above reaction variables Pt nanoparticles with average sizes from 3 to 21 nm and with a variety of size distribution characteristics can be synthesized.


Nanoparticles Electron microscopy Solvent Platinum Heating rate Surfactant 



Authors acknowledge the electron microscopy facilities in the Advanced Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Funding received from the Nano-mission grant by Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India is also acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Roduner E (2006) Size matters: why nanomaterials are different. Chem Soc Rev 35:583–592CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gleiter H (2000) Nanostructured materials: basic concepts and microstructure. Acta Mater 48(1):1–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jain PK, Huang X, Al-Sayed IH, Al-Sayed MA (2008) Noble metals on the nanoscale: optical and photothermal properties and some applications in imaging, sensing, biology, and medicine. Acc Chem Res 41(12):1578–1586CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carlton CE, Ferreira PJ (2007) What is behind the inverse Hall–Petch effect in nanocrystalline materials? Acta Mater 55(11):3749–3756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nandwana V, Elkins KE, Poudyal N, Chaubey GS, Yano K, Liu JP (2007) Size and shape control of monodisperse FePt nanoparticles. J Phys Chem C 111:4185–4189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chen M, Liu JP, Sun S (2004) One-step synthesis of FePt nanoparticles with tunable size. J Am Chem Soc 126:8394–8395CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Roy PS, Bhattacharya SK (2013) Size-controlled synthesis and characterization of polyvinyl alcohol-coated platinum nanoparticles: role of particle size and capping polymer on the electrocatalytic activity. Catal Sci Tech 3:1314–1323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hu Z, Oskam G, Searson PC (2003) Influence of solvent on the growth of ZnO nanoparticles. J Colloid Interface Sci 263:454–460ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Porter DA, Easterling KE, Sherif MY (2009) Phase transformation in metal and alloys. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rioux RM, Song H, Grass M, Habas S, Niesz K, Hoefelmeyer JD, Yang P, Somorjai GA (2006) Monodisperse platinum nanoparticles of well-defined shape: synthesis, characterization, catalytic properties and future prospects. Top Catal 39(3–4):167–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations