Agricultural Research

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 120–128 | Cite as

Genetic Control of Inheritance of Fruit Quality Attributes in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)

  • Jiregna Tasisa
  • Wassu Mohammed
  • Shimelis Hussien
  • Vasantha Kumar
Full-Length Research Article


The experiment comprised of seven tomato inbred lines (two processing and five fresh market) and 21 F1 hybrids produced by crossing of them in a 7 × 7 half diallel fashion excluding the reciprocals. The study was conducted at the Haramaya University, Ethiopia during July 2015 to June 2016 to analyze the genetics of inheritance of some physical and chemical quality traits. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used to conduct the experiment. Among the studied characters, only shape index and titratable acidity fulfilled the additive–dominance hypothesis. Therefore, non-allelic gene interaction could be involved in the inheritance of the characters which did not fit the model. The parental line Roma VF contained mostly recessive genes with increasing effects for shape index, and the parental lines Marglobe and Eshete contained mostly recessive genes with the increasing effects for titratable acidity. Therefore, employing these lines in hybridization for shape index and titratable acidity improvement could be ineffective, since the rapid increased frequency of recessive alleles which is the cause of loss of vigor could be resulted in advancing generation.


Tomato Quality traits Gene action Diallel Additive–dominance 



The authors acknowledge the Ministry of Education and Haramaya University for sponsoring this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    AVRDC (2007) AVRDC report 2004. AVRDC Publication No. 07-691. AVRDC-The World Vegetable Center, Shanhua, p 52Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bartlett MS (1937) Properties of sufficiency and statistical tests. Proc R Soc Lond 160A:268–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bauchet G, Causse M (2012) Genetic diversity in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and its wild relatives, genetic diversity in plants. In: Caliskan M (ed) ISBN: 978-953-51-0185-7, InTech. Accessed 05 June 2015
  4. 4.
    Dagade SB, Dhaduk LK, Hariprasanna K, Mehata DR, Bhatt VM, Barad AV (2015) Parent offspring relations of nutritional quality traits in 8 × 8 partial diallel cross of fresh tomatoes. Int J Appl Biol Pharm 6:45–55Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Falconer DS (1967) Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman Group Ltd., Edinburgh, pp 251–252Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Foolad MR (2007) Genome mapping and molecular breeding of tomato. Int J Plant Genomics 1:643–658Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gemechis AO, Struik PC, Emana B (2012) Tomato production in Ethiopia: constraints and opportunities. In: International research on food security, natural resource management and rural development conference, 9–21 September 2012, Gottingen, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hayman BI (1954) The analysis of variance of diallel tables. Biometrics 10:235–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hayman BI (1954) The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics 39:789–809PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hayman BI (1958) The theory and analysis of diallel crosses: II. Genetics 43:63–85PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hayman BI (1960) The theory and analysis of diallel crosses: III. Genetics 45:155–172PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jinks JL (1954) The analysis of continuous variation in a diallel cross of Nicotiana rustica varieties. Genetics 39:767–788PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kumar R, Srivastava K, Singh NP, Vasistha NK, Singh RK, Singh MK (2013) Combining ability analysis for yield and quality traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). J Agric Sci 5(2):213–218Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lemma D (2002) Tomatoes research experience and production prospects. Research report No. 43. Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization, Addis Ababa, pp 33–46Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mather K, Jinks JL (1982) Biometrical genetics, 3rd edn. Champan and Hall, London, pp 252–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Montgomery DC (2005) Design and analysis of experimentals, 6th edn. Wiley, New York, pp 97–203Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sacco A, Matteo AD, Lombardi N, Trotta N, Punzo B, Mari A, Barone A (2013) Quantitative trait loci pyramiding for fruit quality traits in tomato. Mol Breed 31:217–222CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    SAS (2002) Statistical analysis system software, Ver. 9.0. SAS Institute Inc., CarryGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sharma JR (2006) Statistical and biometrical techniques in plant breeding. New Age International Publishers, New Delhi, p 192Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shende VD, Tania S, Mukherjee S, Chattopadhyay A (2012) Breeding tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) for higher productivity and better processing qualities. Sabrao J Breed Genet 44:302–321Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Singh D (1981) Estimation of second degree genetic parameters from a set of half-diallel crosses. Indian J Genet 41:246–2514Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Singh RK, Chaudhary BD (1985) Biometrical methods in quantitative genetic analysis. Kalayani Publ, Ludhiana, p 123Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tamire H (1973) Characterization of Alemaya soils. Soil science paper, Alemaya University of Agriculture, Series No. 1. Haramaya, Ethiopia, p 45Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Waskar DP, Kheldlar RM, Grande VK (1999) Effect of post harvest treatment on shelf life and quality of pomegranate in evaporative cooling chamber and ambient conditions. J Food Sci Technol 2:114–117Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wilcox JK, Catignani GL, Lazarus C (2003) Tomatoes and cardiovascular health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 43:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© NAAS (National Academy of Agricultural Sciences) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Plant SciencesHaramaya University College of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesDire DawaEthiopia
  2. 2.African Centre for Crop ImprovementUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalPietermaritzburgSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations