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Adherence to STIKO recommendations in patients with pulmonary disease in southeast Germany

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Abstract

Background

Vaccinations are among the most effective preventative healthcare measures. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the adherence of adults with pre-existing pulmonary conditions to the national vaccination schedule and to identify reasons for poor adherence.

Methods

All patients with an appointment at Donaustauf hospital between October 2019 and April 2020 were asked to bring their vaccination certificates for evaluation and to compete a questionnaire. To determine the adherence vaccination certificates and patients’ comorbidities were correlated with the national recommendations of the German Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO).

Results

571 (65.6%) of all patients believed that their vaccination status was up-to-date. An appropriate vaccination status according to national recommendations (STIKO) was documented as follows: tetanus 56.4% (375/665), diphtheria 43.2% (292/676), poliomyelitis 28.5% (189/662), tick-borne encephalitis 45.4% (300/659), hepatitis A 31.0% (18/58), hepatitis B 34.6% (27/78), shingles 1.2% (6/489), influenza 21.0% (125/596, season 2019/2020), measles 38.3% (31/81), rubella 33.3% (7/21), pneumococcal disease 29.5% (175/593), pertussis 54.2% (365/674) and haemophilus influenza type b 100% (1/1). Adherence to rabies (0/2), varicella (0/28), meningococcal type ACWY (0/36) and type b (0/36) was 0%. 72% of patients would follow a physician’s recommendation to get vaccinated.

Conclusion

Adherence to STIKO recommendations was poor. However, patients are willing to follow a physician’s recommendation for vaccination.

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Authors and Affiliations

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Correspondence to Arno Mohr.

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Conflict of interest

A. Mohr: travel grants from Gilead Sciences. A. Plentz: lecture fee from Pfizer. M. Pfeifer: grants from Boehringer Ing., Astra Zeneca, Glaxo SKB, Novartis and Gilead Sciences. B. Salzberger: advisory boards Sanofi u. GSK. F. Hitzenbichler: travel grants from Gilead Sciences, lecture fees from MSD.

Ethical approval

The study has been approved by the local ethics committee and has been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. All specific national laws have been observed.

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Mohr, A., Plentz, A., Sieroslawski, A. et al. Adherence to STIKO recommendations in patients with pulmonary disease in southeast Germany. Infection 49, 1319–1323 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s15010-021-01708-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s15010-021-01708-4

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