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Infection

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 233–236 | Cite as

Four clusters of Trichostrongylus infection diagnosed in a single center, in Italy

  • Dora Buonfrate
  • Andrea Angheben
  • Federico Gobbi
  • Manuela Mistretta
  • Monica Degani
  • Zeno Bisoffi
Case Report

Abstract

Trichostrongylus spp. are parasites that are seldom recognized as a cause of eosinophilia and gastroenteric symptoms in industrialized countries. The index of suspicion raises when several members of a same household present eosinophilia. We report four clusters of Trichostrongylus infection diagnosed in a single center, in northern Italy. Patients came from four different provinces of three Italian Regions. Some patients presented symptoms (abdominal pain and diarrhea were the most frequent ones, reported by 67 and 42% of our patients, respectively), while other were asymptomatic. All of them presented eosinophilia, that was severe (>5000 eosinophils/mmc) in 58% cases. Obtaining an accurate history from patients, investigating possible ingestion of vegetables contaminated by organic manure or sheep dejections, is particularly important to achieve diagnosis, also in light of the low sensitivity of parasitological tests.

Keywords

Eosinophilia Trichostrongylus Helminth infection Italy 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they do not have conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Tropical DiseasesOspedale Sacro Cuore Don CalabriaNegrarItaly

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