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The Expression of Immunomodulation-Related Cytokines and Genes of Adipose- and Bone Marrow-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Early to Late Passages

A Correction to this article was published on 12 January 2019

This article has been updated



Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells that can differentiate into several cell types. In addition, many studies have shown that MSCs modulate the immune response. However, little information is currently available regarding the maintenance of immunomodulatory characteristics of MSCs through passages. Therefore, we investigated and compared cytokine and gene expression levels from adipose (AD) and bone marrow (BM)-derived MSCs relevant to immune modulation from early to late passages.


MSC immunophenotype, growth characteristics, cytokine expressions, and gene expressions were analyzed.


AD-MSCs and BM-MSCs had similar cell morphologies and surface marker expressions from passage 4 to passage 10. Cytokines secreted by AD-MSCs and BM-MSCs were similar from early to late passages. AD-MSCs and BM-MSCs showed similar immunomodulatory properties in terms of cytokine secretion levels. However, the gene expressions of tumor necrosis factor-stimulated gene (TSG)-6 and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G were decreased and gene expressions of galectin-1 and -3 were increased in both AD- and BM-MSCs with repeated passages.


Our study showed that the immunophenotype and expression of immunomodulation-related cytokines of AD-MSCs and BM-MSCs immunomodulation through the passages were not significantly different, even though the gene expressions of both MSCs were different.

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Change history

  • 12 January 2019

    Unfortunately, the online published article has error in Figure?3. The name of protein, ?Gelectin-1? should be corrected to ?Galectin-3?. The corrected Fig.?3 is placed in the following page.

  • 12 January 2019

    Unfortunately, the online published article has error in Figure?3. The name of protein, ?Gelectin-1? should be corrected to ?Galectin-3?. The corrected Fig.?3 is placed in the following page.


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This study was supported by a Grant of Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2013R1A1A2058120). The authors are grateful to Dong-Su Jang, (Medical Illustrator, Medical Research Support Section, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea) for his help with the figures.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yong-Beom Park.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

BM-MSCs were provided at passage 2 by the Cell Therapy Center, Severance Hospital (Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea) from three donors after taking their consent. AD-MSCs were obtained from two donors (32- and 41-year old females) undergoing plastic surgery, after written informed consent, in accordance with the Institutional Review Boards (4-2010-0236) of Severance Hospital and one donor from ThermoFisher Scientific (R7788115).

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Mun, C.H., Kang, MI., Shin, Y.D. et al. The Expression of Immunomodulation-Related Cytokines and Genes of Adipose- and Bone Marrow-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells from Early to Late Passages. Tissue Eng Regen Med 15, 771–779 (2018).

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  • Cytokine
  • Gene expression
  • Immune modulation
  • Mesenchymal stromal cells
  • Passage