Azo dyes are widely used in textile industry due to their easy production, high stability during washing and variety of colors. It raises concern over the ecosystem because of its structural features. Some advanced oxidation process that is tertiary treatment is one of the conventional treatment methods. Pollutants that cannot be removed by primary and secondary treatment are treated by tertiary treatment methods. Primary and secondary treatment methods are not generally sufficient for removal of azo dyes. For this reason, it has an important place in its treatment with advanced oxidation processes. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of different parameters on color and COD removal yields of triple dye mixtures by Fenton method and to optimize with the Taguchi method. Moreover, the aim is to examine the relationship between these parameters and ORP by regression analysis, and the change of organic groups by FTIR analysis in the effluent. As a result of the study, it was observed that the parameters considered had different effects on COD and color removal. There was an increase in both color and COD removal only with the increase in H2O2 concentration. The highest COD and color removal yields were 95.8% and 99.3%, respectively. As a conclusion, Fenton process is a method that can be preferred in the treatment of textile dyestuffs since the chemicals used are non-toxic, abundant and economical, and therefore, the operation cost of the system is quite favorable, providing advantages to compete with other advanced oxidation processes.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
APHA (2012) Standart methods for the examination of water and wastewater, vol 21. American Public Health Association, Washington DC
Babaei AA, Kakavandi B, Rafiee M, Kalantarhormizi F, Purkaram I, Ahmadi E, Esmaeili S (2017) Comparative treatment of textile wastewater by adsorption, Fenton, UV-Fenton and US-Fenton using magnetic nanoparticles-functionalized carbon (MNPs@C). J Ind Eng Chem 56:163–174
Bayrak Tezcan E, Ceylan Z, Acar FN (2019) Kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamic studies of the adsorption behavior of Basic Yellow 51 onto rice husk and burned rice husk. J Inst Sci Technol 1977–1988
Canbolat ÇB (2019) Treatment of membrane concentrates using a new technology based on hydrodynamic cavitation and advanced oxidation processes for water and salt reuse from textile wastewater. Ph.D. thesis, Gebze Technical University, Turkey. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
Dindar N (2019) Implementation of advanced treatment processes in textile industry wastewaters for organic substance removal. Master thesis, Pamukkale University, Turkey. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
Erat N (2018) Optimization of removal of Astrazon Yellow 5GL dye material from aqueous media by Fenton and UV/H2O2 processes using taguchi method. Master thesis, Ataturk University, Turkey. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
Eren Z, Acar FN, Ince NH (2010) Fenton and Fenton-like oxidation of CI Basic Yellow 51: a comparative study. Color Technol 126:337–341
Ertugay N, Acar FN (2017) Removal of COD and color from Direct Blue 71 azo dye wastewater by Fenton’s oxidation: kinetic study. Arab J Chem 10:S1158–S1163
Esteves BM, Rodrigues CS, Boaventura RA, Maldonado-Hodar FJ, Madeira LM (2016) Coupling of acrylic dyeing wastewater treatment by heterogeneous Fenton oxidation in a continuous stirred tank reactor with biological degradation in a sequential batch reactor. J Environ Manage 166:193–203
GilPavas E, Dobrosz-Gomez I, Gomez-Garcia MA (2019) Optimization and toxicity assessment of a combined electrocoagulation, H2O2/Fe(2+)/UV and activated carbon adsorption for textile wastewater treatment. Sci Total Environ 651:551–560
Güneş E, Cihan MT (2015) COD and color removal from wastewaters: optimization of Fenton process. Pamukkale Univ J Eng Sci 21:239–247
Hamoud HI, Finqueneisel G, Azambre B (2017) Removal of binary dyes mixtures with opposite and similar charges by adsorption, coagulation/flocculation and catalytic oxidation in the presence of CeO2/H2O2 Fenton-like system. J Environ Manage 195:195–207
Ilhan F, Yetilmezsoy K, Kabuk A, Ulucan K, Coskun T, Akoglu B (2017) Evaluation of operational parameters and its relation on the stoichiometry of Fenton’s oxidation to textile wastewater. Chem Ind Chem Eng Q 23:11–19
Illes E, Mizrahi A, Marks V, Meyerstein D (2019) Carbonate-radical-anions, and not hydroxyl radicals, are the products of the Fenton reaction in neutral solutions containing bicarbonate. Free Radic Biol Med 131:1–6
Kavitha V, Palanivelu K (2005) Destruction of cresols by Fenton oxidation process. Water Res 39:3062–3072
Khan J, Tariq M, Muhammad M, Mehmood MH, Ullah I, Raziq A, Akbar F, Saqib M, Rahim A, Niaz A (2019) Kinetic and thermodynamic study of oxidative degradation of acid yellow 17 dye by Fenton-like process: effect of HCO3−, CO32−, Cl− and SO42− on dye degradation. Bull Chem Soc Ethiop 33:243
Mahamallik P, Pal A (2017) Degradation of textile wastewater by modified photo-Fenton process: application of Co(II) adsorbed surfactant-modified alumina as heterogeneous catalyst. J Environ Chem Eng 5(3):2886–2893
Matavos-Aramyan S, Moussavi M (2017) Advances in Fenton and Fenton based oxidation processes for industrial effluent contaminants control—a review. Int J Environ Sci Nat Resour 2:1–18
Papić S, Vujević D, Koprivanac N, Šinko D (2009) Decolourization and mineralization of commercial reactive dyes by using homogeneous and heterogeneous Fenton and UV/Fenton processes. J Hazard Mater 164:1137–1145
Rahman MM, Yusuf MA, Uddin MA, Islam MA, Saha R, Rahman MM, Haque MA, Hasnat MA (2010) Influence of irradiation on Fenton degradation of brilliant Red X-3B. Int J Chem Reactor Eng 8
Rodrigues CS, Boaventura RA, Madeira LM (2012) Application of Fenton’s reagent for acrylic dyeing wastewater decolorization, organic matter reduction and biodegradability improvement. J Adv Oxid Technol 15:78–88
Rosales E, Anasie D, Pazos M, Lazar I, Sanroman MA (2018) Kaolinite adsorption-regeneration system for dyestuff treatment by Fenton based processes. Sci Total Environ 622–623:556–562
Schrank SG, dos Santos JNR, Souza DS, Souza EES (2007) Decolourisation effects of Vat Green 01 textile dye and textile wastewater using H2O2/UV process. J Photochem Photobiol A 186:125–129
Sennaoui A, Alahiane S, Sakr F, Assabbane A, Addi EHA, Hamdani M (2018) Advanced oxidation of Reactive Yellow 17 Dye: a comparison between Fenton, photo-Fenton, electro-Fenton, anodic oxidation and heterogeneous photocatalysis processes. Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta 36:163–178
Serencam H, Ucurum M (2019) Performance evaluation of adsorption properties for Ni(II) removal with flying ash using taguchi experimental design. Omer Halisdemir Univ J Eng Sci 8(1):336–344
Tunc S, Gürkan T, Duman O (2012) On-line spectrophotometric method for the determination of optimum operation parameters on the decolorization of Acid Red 66 and Direct Blue 71 from aqueous solution by Fenton process. Chem Eng J 181–182:431–442
Turkes S (2019) Investigation of the treatability of textile industry wastewaters with Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. Master thesis, Çukurova University, Turkey. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
Wu H, Wang S (2012) Impacts of operating parameters on oxidation-reduction potential and pretreatment efficacy in the pretreatment of printing and dyeing wastewater by Fenton process. J Hazard Mater 243:86–94
Wu Y, Zhou S, Qin F, Ye X, Zheng K (2010) Modeling physical and oxidative removal properties of Fenton process for treatment of landfill leachate using response surface methodology (RSM). J Hazard Mater 180:456–465
Yu R-F, Chen H-W, Cheng W-P, Lin Y-J, Huang C-L (2014) Monitoring of ORP, pH and DO in heterogeneous Fenton oxidation using nZVI as a catalyst for the treatment of azo-dye textile wastewater. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 45:947–954
I would like to thank Prof. Filiz Nuran Acar for allowing me to use laboratory facilities.
Conflict of interest
The author has declared no conflict of interest. The study has carried out by the author.
Editorial responsibility: M. Abbaspour.
About this article
Cite this article
Adar, E. Optimization of triple dye mixture removal by oxidation with Fenton. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-020-02782-1
- Synthetic wastewater