Skip to main content


Log in

Potential of solar energy in Iran for carbon dioxide mitigation

  • Review
  • Published:
International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

A Correction to this article was published on 17 July 2018

This article has been updated


The majority of power plants installed in Iran are normally using the cheapest and most available fuels as input energy sources (e.g., natural gas and oil). Iranian fossil-fueled power plants annually emit nearly 180 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), which contribute to global warming. On the other hand, the use of renewable energy for producing the needed electricity significantly reduces the greenhouse emissions and polluting gases. Therefore, the environmental and health costs of producing electrical energy using fossil fuels are significantly higher than renewables, which are often unseen. Among the best available renewable energy sources, Iran benefits from high solar insolation with around 300 clear days annually and also large areas of available land. This shows that the solar systems utilization in Iran will be very economical. Despite this vast potential, Iran’s solar market has remained undeveloped. The installed capacity of solar energy was around 17.3 megawatts (MW) by 2015, while each kilowatt-hour of solar electricity could save around 715 g of CO2. The utilization of solar energy technologies is increasing around the world, which are due to technological progress, policy changes, the urgent need to reduce reliance on carbon-intensive energy sources like coal, oil and natural gas and the need to reduce greenhouse gases emission to the atmosphere. In conclusion, production of electrical and any other type of useful energy using solar systems can protect the environment. Thus, to achieve a sustainable future they should be employed as much as possible and wherever it is possible.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others

Change history

  • 17 July 2018

    The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.


  1. One dollar (US) was equal to 35,000 Iranian Rials.


Download references


The authors would like to thank the Renewable Energies Organization (SUNA) and the Ministry of Energy of Iran for permission to publish the data. Also, authors are grateful to anonymous reviewers for their detail reviews and suggestions which helped the manuscript in its betterment.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. Shahsavari.

Additional information

Editorial responsibility: M. Abbaspour.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shahsavari, A., Yazdi, F.T. & Yazdi, H.T. Potential of solar energy in Iran for carbon dioxide mitigation. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 16, 507–524 (2019).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: