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Refuse-derived fuel classification in a mechanical–biological treatment plant and its valorization with techno-economic criteria

  • P. Vounatsos
  • M. Agraniotis
  • P. Grammelis
  • E. Kakaras
  • O. Skiadi
  • T. Zarmpoutis
Short Communication

Abstract

Refuse-derived fuels (RDF) are a category of alternative fuels produced as byproducts from the process of waste management plants. RDF can be utilized for heat and power production, contributing to the waste hierarchy set by European Union. However, the need for standardization of RDF becomes gradually important in South-Eastern Europe, where the market for waste recovered fuels is under development. The application of certification and quality management schemes in the waste treatment and fuel production processes, along with the use of a new terminology, solid recovered fuels may enhance public acceptance and promote the thermal utilization of this resource in industrial facilities. In the present work, a sampling and analysis campaign of RDF produced at a mechanical and biological treatment facility in Athens, Greece, took place. The sampling and analysis were carried out according to the standards of CEN/TC 343. The sampling period lasted 1 year, resulting in 20 samples. Proximate, ultimate analysis, chlorine and heavy metals’ content were carried out. Furthermore, a technical and economic assessment was carried out, in order to propose realistic solutions for the improvement of the produced RDF quality and the plants’ viability. Two sets of scenarios are assessed with techno-economic criteria referring to different technical solutions. At the end of the study, a step-by-step approach is proposed, which may guarantee the economic feasibility of the proposed plant retrofitting project and a pay-back period adjusted to the extent of the retrofitting measures to be decided.

Keywords

Secondary fuels “EMA” plant Chemical analyses Characterization Feasibility study 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support of ACMAR in the contract of “Sampling, analysis and classification of RDF produced in ‘EMA’ MBT plant” under the Grant number 9134/21-9-2009, is gratefully acknowledged.

Abbreviations

EU

European Union

MSW

Municipal solid waste

MBT

Mechanical–biological treatment

MRF

Material recycling facilities

RDF

Refuse-derived fuel

SRF

Solid recovered fuel

TDF

Tire-derived fuel

NCV

Net calorific value

NPV

Net present value

ACMAR

Association of Communities and Municipalities of the Attica Region

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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Vounatsos
    • 1
  • M. Agraniotis
    • 1
  • P. Grammelis
    • 1
  • E. Kakaras
    • 1
  • O. Skiadi
    • 2
  • T. Zarmpoutis
    • 2
  1. 1.Chemical Process and Energy Resources InstituteCentre for Research and Technology HellasPtolemaisGreece
  2. 2.Association of Communities and Municipalities of the Attica RegionAthensGreece

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