RETRACTED ARTICLE: Adsorptive removal of cadmium from aqueous media using Posidonia oceanica biomass: equilibrium, dynamic and thermodynamic studies

Original Paper

Abstract

Posidonia oceanica (L.), a marine biomass, has been used as an effective and efficient biosorbent for the removal of Cd(II) from aqueous media. The physico-chemical properties of biosorbent were investigated by elemental analysis, BET surface area, FT-IR, SEM and EDX methods before and after adsorption. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of solution pH, dosage of biosorbent, contact time and temperature. The biosorbent exhibited the maximum uptake of 58.82 mg/g under the optimal adsorption condition. Kinetics experiments indicated that the pseudo-second-order model displayed the best correlation with adsorption kinetics data. Besides, experimental data could be better described by the Langmuir isotherm model. Desorption experiments were carried out to explore the feasibility of regenerating the biosorbent. The regeneration efficiency was 96.03 % using desorption agent of 0.2 M HCl. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0 and ΔG 0) of the cadmium ion uptake onto P.O indicated that the process is endothermic and proceeds spontaneously. The findings of the present study indicate that P.O can be successfully used for separation of Cd(II) from aqueous solutions. The results suggested that the adsorbent is promising for use as an effective and economical adsorbent for Cd(II) ions removal.

Keywords

Biosorption Cadmium Posidonia oceanica Kinetics Isotherms Thermodynamics Desorption 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks to Dr. Eric Guibal for his invaluable contribution in the experimental work.

References

  1. Al-Degs YS, El-Barghouthi MI, Issa AA, Khraisheh MA, Walker GM (2006) Sorption of Zn(II), Pb(II), and Co(II) using natural sorbents: equilibrium and kinetic studies. Water Res 40:2645–2658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen JH, Ni JC, Liu QL, Li SX (2012) Adsorption behavior of Cd(II) ions on humic acid-immobilized sodium alginate and hydroxyl ethyl cellulose blending porous composite membrane adsorbent. Desalination 285:54–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Coates J (2000) Interpretation of infrared spectra, a practical approach. In: Meyers RA (ed) Encyclopedia of analytical chemistry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  4. Febrianto J, Kosasih AN, Sunarso J, Jua Y, Indraswati N, Ismadji S (2009) Equilibrium and kinetic studies in adsorption of heavy metals using biosorbent: a summary of recent studies. J Hazard Mater 162:616–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Freundlich H (1906) Adsorption in solution. Phys Chem Soc 40:1361–1368Google Scholar
  6. Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Holan ZR, Volesky B, Prasetyo I (1993) Biosorption of cadmium by biomass of marine algae. Biotechnol Bioeng 41:819–825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kellner RJ, Mermet JM, Otto M (1998) Analytical chemistry. Wiley/VCH Verlag GmbH Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Lagergren S (1898) Zur theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloster stoffe Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens. Handlingar 24:1–39Google Scholar
  10. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Laus R, Costa TG, Szpoganicz B, Fávere VT (2010) Adsorption and desorption of Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions using chitosan crosslinked with epichlorohydrin–triphosphate as the adsorbent. J Hazard Mater 183:233–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Leyva-Ramos R, Rangel-Mendez JR, Mendoza-Barron J, Fuentes-Rubio L, Guerrero-Coronado RM (1997) Adsorption of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution onto activated carbon. Water Sci Technol 35:205–211Google Scholar
  13. Li Q, Chai L, Yang Z, Wang Q (2009) Kinetics and thermodynamics of Pb(II) adsorption onto modified spent grain from aqueous solutions. Appl Surf Sci 255:4298–4303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liu CX, Bai RB (2006) Adsorptive removal of copper ions with highly porous chitosan/cellulose acetate blend hollow fiber membranes. J Membr Sci 284:313–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lua D, Caob Q, Cao X, Luo F (2009) Removal of Pb(II) using the modified lawny grass: mechanism, kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies. J Hazard Mater 166:239–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mansour MS, Ossman ME, Farag HA (2011) Removal of Cd(II) ion from waste water by adsorption onto polyaniline coated on sawdust. Desalination 272:301–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nomanbhay SM, Palanisamy K (2005) Removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater using chitosan coated oil palm shell charcoal. Electron J Biotechnol 8:43–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Puranik PR, Paknikar KM (1997) Biosorption of lead and zinc from solutions using Streptoverticillium cinnamoneum waste biomass. J Biotechnol 55:113–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Reddy DHK, Ramana DKV, Seshaiah K, Reddy AVR (2011) Biosorption of Ni(II) from aqueous phase by Moringa oleifera bark, a low cost biosorbent. Desalination 268:150–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Reddy DHK, Lee SM, Seshaiah K (2012) Removal of Cd(II) and Cu(II) from aqueous solution by agro biomass: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Environ Eng Res 17:125–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Redlich OJ, Peterson DL (1959) A useful adsorption isotherm. J Phys Chem 63:1024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Saeed A, Iqbal M (2003) Bioremoval of cadmium from aqueous solution by black gram husk (Cicer arietinum). Water Res 37:3472–3480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sari A, Tuzen M (2009) Kinetic and equilibrium studies of Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal from aqueous solution onto colemanite ore waste. Desalination 249:260–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tsezos M (2001) Biosorption of metals: the experience accumulated and the outlook for technology development. Hydrometallurgy 59:241–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Valdman E, Leite SGF (2000) Biosorption of Cd, Zn and Cu by Sargassum sp. waste biomass. Bioprocess Eng 22:171–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wang SB, Terdkiatburana T, Tad MO (2008) Single and co-adsorption of heavy metals and humic acid on fly ash. Sep Purif Technol 58:353–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Weber WJ, Morris JC (1963) Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. J Sanit Eng Div Am Soc Civ Eng 89:31–59Google Scholar
  28. Yao ZY, Qi JH, Wang LH (2010) Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the biosorption of Cu(II) onto chestnut shell. J Hazard Mater 174:137–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University (IAU) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LIME laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and TechnologyUniversity of JijelJijelAlgeria
  2. 2.COVACHIMM, EA 3592 LaboratoryUniversity of Antilles and GuyanePointe à Pitre CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations