Two New Species of Macraspis MacLeay, 1819 (Melolonthidae: Rutelinae: Rutelini) from Brazil, with Supplementary Description on the Chromatic Variation and Endophallus of Macraspis laevicollis (Waterhouse, 1881)

Abstract

Two new species of Macraspis MacLeay are described and illustrated based on adult specimens collected in São Paulo and Paraná states, in southeastern and southern Brazil, respectively. Macraspis ironman sp. nov. and M. soulai sp. nov. are diagnosed and included in the preexisting identification key. A new chromatic variation of M. laevicollis (Waterhouse) is reported, along with a supplementary description including aedeagus and endophallus structures.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. Beutel RG, Lawrence JF (2005) Coleoptera, morphology, p. 35–40. In: Beutel RG, Leschen RAB Coleoptera, beetles. Volume 1: Morphology and Systematics (Archostemata, Adephaga, myxophaga, Polyphaga partim), 2 ed.

  2. Cherman MA, Morón MA (2014) Validación de la Familia Melolonthidae Leach, 1819 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Acta Zoológica Mexicana 30:201–220

    Google Scholar 

  3. Coca-Abia M, Martín-Piera F (1991) Anatomy and morphology of the genitalia in the subtribe Rhizotrogina (Col. Melolonthidae, Melolonthini): taxonomic implications. In: Zunino M, Bellés X, Blas M. Advances in Coleopterology. Association European Coleopterology, Barcelona, pp 61–78

    Google Scholar 

  4. d’Hotman D, Scholtz CH (1990) Comparative morphology of the male genitalia of derived groups of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera). Elytron 4:3–39

    Google Scholar 

  5. Gasca-Álvarez HJ, Deloya C, Reyes-Castillo P (2017) Teratological cases in five species of Cotinis Burmeister (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae: Gymnetini), with a compilation of teratologies in Scarabaeoidea. Coleopt Bull 71(2):329–338

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. IAP – Instituto Ambiental do Paraná (1996) Plano de manejo do Parque Estadual Pico do Marumbi.http://www.iap.pr.gov.br/arquivos/File/Planos_de_Manejo/Parque_Estadual_Pico_do_Marumbi/PM_PE_Marumbi.pdf Acessed 01 Dez 2020

  7. IBAMA - Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Renováveis (2001) Plano de Manejo do Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina. http://www.paraty.com.br/bocaina/index.htm Acessed 01 Dez 2020

  8. IBM - Instituto Brasileiro de Museus (2018) Nota sobre o incêndio do Museu Nacional da UFRJ. https://www.museusgovbr/nota-sobre-o-incendio-do-museu-nacional/ Acessed 30 Nov 2020

  9. Jameson ML, Smith ABT (2002) Revision of the South American genus Brachysternus Guérin-Méneville (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae: Anoplognathini: Brachysternina). Coleopt Bull 56(3):321–366

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Jameson ML, Ratcliffe BC (2011) The Neotropical scarab beetle tribe Anatistini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum 26:1–100

    Google Scholar 

  11. Kawada R, Buffington ML (2016) A scalable and modular dome illumination system for scientific microphotography on a budget. PLoS One 11(5):e0153426

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Krell FT (1996) Die Kopulationsorgane des Maikäfers Melolontha melolontha (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden und funktionellen Anatomie der ektodermalen Genitalien der Coleoptera. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie) 537:1–101

    Google Scholar 

  13. Moore MR, Jameson ML, Paucar-Cabrera A (2014) Taxonomic and nomenclatural changes in the anticheirine scarabs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae: Rutelini). Insecta Mundi 392:1–20

    Google Scholar 

  14. Moore MR, Jameson ML, Garner BH, Audibert C, Smith ABT, Seidel M (2017) Synopsis of the pelidnotine scarabs (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Rutelinae, Rutelini) and annotated catalog of the species and subspecies. ZooKeys 666:1–349

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Neita Moreno JC (2014) Una nueva especie del género Macraspis Macleay (Scarabaeidae <<Pleurosticti>>: Rutelinae: Rutelini) de Colombia. Revista Biodiversidad Neotropical 4(1):28–32

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Ohaus F (1912) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Ruteliden, X. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 73:273–319

    Google Scholar 

  17. Soula M (1998) Les Coléoptères du Monde: Rutelini 2. Hillside Books, Canterbury, p 116

    Google Scholar 

  18. Soula M (2002) Les Coléoptères du Monde: Rutelini 2. Canterbury: Hillside Books 26(2):117–296

    Google Scholar 

  19. Soula M (2003) Les Coléoptères du Monde, 29: Rutelini 3. Hillside Books, Canterbury, p 79

    Google Scholar 

  20. Soula M (2005) Les Coléoptères du Monde: Rutelini 2. Canterbury: Hillside Books 26(3):297–409

    Google Scholar 

  21. Soula M (2006) Les Coléoptères du Monde: Rutelini 1. Besoiro Supplément, Association Entomologique pour la Connaissance de la Faune Tropicale - AECFT 1:1–176

    Google Scholar 

  22. Soula M (2010) Les Coléoptères du Monde: Rutelini 4. Besoiro Supplément, Association Entomologique pour la Connaissance de la Faune Tropicale - AECFT 4:1–65

    Google Scholar 

  23. Soula M (2011) Les Coléoptères du Nouveau Monde. Geniatini 1. Besoiro Supplément, Association Entomologique pour la Connaissance de la Faune Tropicale – AECFT 1–85

  24. Waterhouse CO (1881) On some South American Coleoptera of the family Rutelidae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (Part 4): 535–553

Download references

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the curators of the collections for providing the material included in this paper. MB thanks Claudio Ruy Vasconcelos da Fonseca for his guidance, Juares Fuhrmann for the critical review and discussions concerning endophallus morphology, and an anonymous reviewer for the valuable suggestions. The Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior-Brasil (CAPES) financed this study in part—Finance Code 001. PCG received support from CNPq/Universal (process numbers 449366/2014-6 and 424048/2018-3), and CNPq/PQ (process number 309786/2019-3), as well as resources from CAPES through the Post Graduate Program in Entomology.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

MB wrote the manuscript, added intellectual content, performed endophalli dissections, made the photographs, and prepared the figures. PG critically reviewed the manuscript and added intellectual content. All the authors approved the final version of this manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Matheus Bento.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Edited by José A Marin Fernandes

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bento, M., Grossi, P.C. Two New Species of Macraspis MacLeay, 1819 (Melolonthidae: Rutelinae: Rutelini) from Brazil, with Supplementary Description on the Chromatic Variation and Endophallus of Macraspis laevicollis (Waterhouse, 1881). Neotrop Entomol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13744-020-00843-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Rutelina
  • morphology
  • Neotropical region
  • scarab beetle
  • Atlantic forest