Immobilized different amines on modified magnetic nanoparticles as catalyst for biodiesel production from soybean oil
Fe3O4 nanoparticles were modified with tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and (3-chloropropyl)trimethoxysilane (CPTMS) followed by immobilization with different amines such as guanine, piperazine, methylamine, morpholine, aniline, ethylenediamine, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, and melamine, designated as Fe3O4@SiO2@CPTMS@amine (nanocatalyst). The prepared nanocatalysts were characterized by means of FTIR, XRD, VSM, SEM, and TEM. Trans-esterification reactions of soybean oil with methanol were then carried out in the presence of the Fe3O4@SiO2@CPTMS@amine as a nanocatalyst. Optimization of the reaction parameters revealed that the fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs or biodiesel) is obtained in 6–96% yields by using methanol to oil molar ratio of 36 in the presence of 6% of nanocatalysts containing melamine and guanine, respectively, at 160 °C within 3 h. The stability and reusability of the catalyst as well as the effect of reaction parameters on the FAME yield are described in this paper.
KeywordsModified magnetic nanoparticles Amines Biodiesel production
The financial support from the Alzahra University is gratefully acknowledged.