Thrombolytic therapy is an effective treatment for acute ischemic stroke and provides benefits and improvements that lead to better neurological outcomes. However, thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is limited because HD patients have a higher risk of bleeding. We report a case of a 75-year-old HD patient who presented with sudden aphasia during HD treatment. She was brought to the hospital for treatment for infarction. Following thrombolytic therapy, we achieved re-opening without complications. To our knowledge, no report has been published describing the patients who had a stroke during a maintenance HD session and were treated with r-tPA successfully. Although the number of HD patients treated with r-tPA is small and requires further investigation, thrombolytic therapy can be an alternative option. After weighing the risks and benefits and assessing each patient carefully, the use of r-tPA should be considered, even in HD patients.
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Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Potential financial conflicts of interest; Honoraria: Yasuhiro Hasegawa (Pfizer, Bayer, Bristol-Myers Squibb). The other authors have declared that no conflict of interest exists.
Human and animal rights
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from the patient included in this article.
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