Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) has many excellent properties and wide applications, but its low wear resistance limits its use. Copper powder and antioxidants were mixed and composite samples were prepared by high-temperature sintering method to investigate the influence of antioxidants content on friction performance of the composite materials. A friction and wear testing machine was used to test the friction and wear performance, and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) was applied to analyze the composites surface morphology their wear positions. The results showed that antioxidants content greatly influenced the composites tribological wear performance. In the theoretical simulation, ANSYS software was used to simulate the antioxidant content effect on thermal conductivity, friction and wear properties of the composite materials. The simulation data were compared with the experimental results. The theoretical simulation data showed that the model could simulate friction and wear experimental processes accurately. Both results were consistent, which proved the reliability of the theoretical analysis.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Dhanumalayan E, Joshi GM (2018) Performance properties and applications of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-a review. Adv Compos Hybrid Mater 1:247–268
Wang YZ, Ren SY, Li Y, Zhang W, Chu XM (2019) Study on engaging characteristics of wet friction pair with copper-based powder metallurgical friction material. In: IOP conference series: materials science and engineering, vol 474
Brownell M, Nair AK (2018) Deformation mechanisms of polytetrafluoroethylene at the nano- and microscales. Phys Chem Chem Phys 21:490–503
Feng S, Zhong Z, Wang Y, Xing W, Drioli E (2018) Progress and perspectives in PTFE membrane: preparation, modification, and applications. J Membr Sci 549:332–349
Jankovic Z, Pavlovic MM, Pantovic Pavlovic MR, Pavlovic MG, Nikolic ND, Stevanovic JS, Prsic S (2018) Electrical and thermal properties of poly (methylmetacrylate) composites filled with electrolytic copper powder. Int J Electrochem Sci 13:45–57
Petrova PN, Markova MA, Argunova AG, Ohlopkova AA (2019) Investigation of influence of methods of mixing components on the properties of composites based on PTFE and carbon fibers. J Frict Wear 40:120–127
Qu M, Yao Y, He J, Ma X, Feng J, Liu S, Hou L, Liu X (2017) Tribological study of polytetrafluoroethylene lubricant additives filled with Cu microparticles or SiO2 nanoparticles. Tribol Int 110:57–65
Krawiec S, Krawiec M, Leśniewski T (2016) The influence of the type of grease on the synergy of its composition with ptfe powder and copper powder. Tribologia 2016:45–55
Chang BH, Yin JP, Cui ZQ, Liu TX (2016) Improved dynamic mechanical properties of modified PTFE jet penetrating charge with shell. Strength Mater 48:82–89
Ignatieva LN, Zverev GA, Adamenko NA, Kazurov AV, Sergeev IV, Ustinov AY, Tkachenko IA, Bouznik VM (2015) Peculiarities of the structure of copper- and nickel-fluoropolymer composites fabricated by explosive pressing. J Fluor Chem 172:68–73
Song J, Zhao G (2019) A molecular dynamics study on water lubrication of PTFE sliding against copper. Tribol Int 136:234–239
Onodera T, Nakakawaji T, Adachi K, Kurihara K, Kubo M (2016) Tribochemical degradation of polytetrafluoroethylene catalyzed by copper and aluminum surfaces. J Phys Chem C 120:10857–10865
Zhao Y, Qi X, Zhang W, Fan B, Yang Q (2019) Effects of copper nanoparticles located in different regions of polytetrafluoroethylene/polyimide blends on the morphology, mechanical and tribological properties of PTFE composites. Tribol Lett 67:1–17
Shah QM, Chowdhury MA, Kowser MA (2019) Failure mechanism of polytetrafluoroethylene under friction fatigue. J Fail Anal Prev JFAP 19:245–249
Ren K, Chen J, Qing H, Chen R, Chen P, Lin Y, Guo B (2020) Study on shock-induced chemical energy release behavior of Al/W/PTFE reactive material with mechanical-thermal-chemical coupling SPH approach. Propellants Explos Pyrotech 45:1937–1948
Cao B, Gao S, Yao Z, Chen J, Chen F, Chen HJ (2016) Tribological behavior of polytetrafluoroethylene under unidirectional rotation, reciprocating sliding, and torsion motion. Tribol Trans 60:605–614
Verma N, Verma KM (2017) Development and thermal behavior of zirconia filled polyester composites. Int J Eng Adv Res Technol 3:9–12
Hayat T, Ahmad S, Khan MI, Alsaedi A, Waqas M (2018) Investigation of second grade fluid through temperature dependent thermal conductivity and non-Fourier heat flux. Results Phys 9:871–878
Agari Y, Uno T (1985) Thermal conductivity of polymer filled with carbon materials: effect of conductive particle chains on thermal conductivity. J Appl Polym Sci 30:2225–2235
Guenoun G, Faou JY, Régnier G, Schmitt N, Roux S (2019) Thermal cycling of cold-pressed PTFE compacts: reversible and irreversible behavior. Polym Test 75:99–106
Manafi S, Kiahosseini SR (2020) Polytetrafluoroethylene/nanoclay composite as anti-wearing compound. Iran Polym J J29:25–35
Yehia HM, Abu-Oqail A, Elmaghraby MA, Elkady OA (2020) Microstructure, hardness, and tribology properties of the (Cu/MoS2)/graphene nanocomposite via the electroless deposition and powder metallurgy technique. J Compos Mater. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998320916528
Man J, Zhao J, Song L, Yang H (2020) Study the influence of surface morphology and lubrication pressure on tribological behavior of 316L-PTFE friction interface in high-water-based fluid. Coatings 10:405–424
Li J, Liu S, Yu A, Xiang S (2018) Effect of laser surface texture on CuSn6 bronze sliding against PTFE material under dry friction. Tribol Int 118:37–45
Ghanbarzadeh A, Piras E, Neville A, Wilson M, Morina A (2019) Numerical study of the effect of tribofilm kinetics and its hardness on the roughness evolution of the substrate in boundary lubrication regime. Tribol Trans 62:747–759
The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
Conflict of interest
The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
About this article
Cite this article
Xiao, W., Ji, X. Effect of antioxidant-treated copper powder on friction properties of polytetrafluoroethylene. Iran Polym J 30, 463–471 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13726-021-00903-2
- Copper powder
- Numerical simulation
- Friction properties
- Thermal conductivity