Biological analysis and application research of the influence of exercise on pulse wave velocity (PWV)

Abstract

Pulse wave velocity (PWV) refers to the conduction velocity of the pressure wave propagated by the wall of the aorta when the human heart beats. In most cases, people regard it as an important indicator for evaluating the stiffness of arteries. In recent years, the incidence of cardiovascular diseases has continued to increase in our country, and the age of onset has continued to be younger. To better prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases, the assessment of arterial stiffness has become an important goal of many scholars at this stage. Exercise has always been one of the best choices for people to keep fit, and a large number of studies have shown that small- and medium-intensity exercise can significantly reduce PWV, while acute hypoxic stimulation can increase blood pressure and decrease blood vessel elasticity. For this reason, this article has carried out biological analysis and applied research on the influence of exercise on pulse wave velocity. From the experimental data, after 12 weeks of exercise, the PWV of the experimental group decreased from 1658.37 ± 227.21 to 1568.92 ± 246.33, while the PWV of the control group changed from 1642.68 ± 175.78 to 1665.15 ± 215.42, which is not present statistical difference. In addition, the blood lipids and blood pressure index of the experimental group were also lower than the control group. Taken together, it can be determined that exercise can have a positive effect on reducing PWV, blood pressure and blood lipids in middle-aged and elderly people, as well as improving the stiffness of human arteries and controlling vascular disease in the body.

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Correspondence to Yuntao Zhou.

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Jiang, K., Zhou, Y. Biological analysis and application research of the influence of exercise on pulse wave velocity (PWV). Netw Model Anal Health Inform Bioinforma 10, 5 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13721-021-00285-8

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Keywords

  • Exercise influence
  • Pulse wave velocity
  • Biological analysis
  • Arterial stiffness