The State of the Summer: a Review of Child Summer Weight Gain and Efforts to Prevent It

  • Lindsay A. Tanskey
  • Jeanne Goldberg
  • Kenneth Chui
  • Aviva Must
  • Jennifer Sacheck
Obesity Prevention (A Must, Section Editor)
  • 33 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Obesity Prevention

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Accumulating evidence shows that children in the USA gain weight more rapidly during the summer, when school is not in session. This narrative review spanning 2007 to 2017 summarizes efforts to characterize the problem, identify key determinants, and intervene to prevent excess summer weight gain.

Recent Findings

Summer weight gain remains a concern for elementary-age youth. Few studies have examined its determinants, but unfavorable summertime shifts in diet, physical activity, sedentary time, screen media use, and sleep have been reported. Increased structure is thought to protect against summer weight gain. Interventions to support physical activity and nutrition during the summer show promise, though large-scale impact on weight outcomes remains to be seen.

Summary

Supporting health behaviors during the summer remains a priority for obesity prevention researchers, practitioners, and policymakers. Strategies to expand access to structured programs and reach beyond such programs to improve behaviors at home are of particular importance.

Keywords

Child obesity Summer weight gain Out of school time Seasonal weight gain 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Lindsay A. Tanskey, Jeanne Goldberg, Kenneth Chui, Aviva Must, and Jennifer Sacheck declare they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All reported studies/experiments with animal or human subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines).

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of outstanding importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lindsay A. Tanskey
    • 1
  • Jeanne Goldberg
    • 2
  • Kenneth Chui
    • 3
  • Aviva Must
    • 3
  • Jennifer Sacheck
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Food, Bioprocessing & Nutrition SciencesNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Friedman School of Nutrition Science & PolicyTufts UniversityBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Public Health and Community MedicineTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  4. 4.Milken Institute School of Public HealthThe George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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