Advertisement

Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 159–165 | Cite as

CO2 enrichment increased leaf initiation and photosynthesis in Doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘Mantefon’ orchids

  • Do Lee Yun
  • Hyun Jin Kim
  • Yoon Jin Kim
Research Report Cultivation Physiology

Abstract

The plants have potential on carbon sink because plants absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) in ambient and use that for photosynthesis. CO2 enrichment, which is a commonly used technique in vegetable culture, may gain importance in ornamental production, potentially shortening the growth period. However, compared with forests and crop plants, the studies of CO2 enrichment on orchids are relatively limited. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of elevated CO2 concentrations on leaf initiation and photosynthesis in the orchid Doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘Mantefon’. Leaf growth and photosynthetic characteristics were measured in the plants grown under 450 (ambient control), 800, and 1600 µmol mol−1 CO2 during the latter 6 h of the dark period for 36 weeks. The number of leaves increased with the elevated CO2 concentration, and the time to leaf initiation decreased with elevated CO2 concentration. However, leaf span and biomass was lower in the plants grown under the higher CO2 concentrations compared to the plants grown under ambient CO2. Maximum net CO2 uptake, transpiration rate, and stomatal conductance were higher in the plants grown under 1600 µmol mol−1 CO2 than in the plants grown under 450 µmol mol−1 CO2. The 800 and 1600 µmol mol−1 CO2 concentrations accelerated leaf initiation and net CO2 uptake. We found that concentrations of CO2 in the 800 and 1600 µmol mol−1 CO2 range were controlled for growth of Doritaenopsis orchids.

Keywords

CO2 uptake Developmental stages Leaf initiation Orchid Ornamental plants 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was carried out with the support by a research grant from Seoul Women’s University (2017), ‘Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development (Project No. PJ012069)’ Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea, and a grant (NRF-2015R1C1A1A02037704) from the National Research Foundation of Korea.

References

  1. Ackerly DD, Coleman JS, Morse SR, Bazzaz FA (1992) CO2 and temperature effects on leaf area production in two annual plant species. Ecol 73:1260–1269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arp WJ (1991) Effects of source-sink relations on photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2. Plant Cell Environ 14:869–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bazzaz FA, Carlson RW (1984) The response of plants to elevated CO2. Oecologia 62:196–198CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Been CG (2010) Breeding of fragrant yellow Phalaenopsis and scent pattern analysis by GC/SAW electronic nose system. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 28:656–663Google Scholar
  5. Blanchard MG, Runkle ES (2006) Temperature during the day, but not during the night, controls flowering of Phalaenopsis orchids. J Expt Bot 57:4043–4049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cave G, Tolley LC, Strain BR (1981) Effect of carbon dioxide enrichment on chlorophyll content, starch content and starch gain structure in Triflium subterraneum leaves. Physiol Plant 51:171–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Croonenborghs S, Ceusters J, Londers E, De Proft MP (2009) Effects of elevated CO2 on growth and morphological characteristics of ornamental bromeliads. Sci Hortic 121:192–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Drennan PM, Nobel PS (2000) Responses of CAM species to increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Plant Cell Environ 8:767–781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eamus D, Duff GA, Berryman CA (1995) Photosynthetic responses to temperature, light flux-density, CO2 concentration and vapour pressure deficit in Eucalyptus tetrodonta grown under CO2 enrichment. Environ Pollut 90:41–49CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Graham EA, Noble PS (1996) Long-term effects of a doubled atmospheric CO2 concentration on the CAM species Agave deserti. J Exp Bot 47:61–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guo WJ, Lee N (2006) Effect of leaf and plant age, and day/night temperature on net CO2 uptake in Phalaenopsis amabilis var. formosa. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 131:320–326Google Scholar
  12. Guo WJ, Lin YZ, Lee N (2012) Photosynthetic light requirements and effects of low irradiance and daylength on Phalaenopsis amabilis. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 137:465–472Google Scholar
  13. Hew CS, Yong JWH (2004) The physiology of tropical orchids in relation to the industry. World Scientific, Singapore, pp 81–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holtum JAM, Marion H, Leary O, Osmond CB (1983) Effect of varying CO2 partial pressure on photosynthesis and on carbon isotope composition of carbon-4 of malate from the crassulacean acid metabolism plant Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Plant Physiol 71:602–609CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Israel W, Yosef M, Eran R (2010) Effect of elevated CO2 on vegetative and reproductive growth characteristics of the CAM plants Hylocereus undatus and Selenicereus megalanthus. Sci Hortic 123:531–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim YJ, Lee SY, Kim KS (2013) Photosynthetic characteristics of Cymbidium ‘Red Fire’ and ‘Yokihi’ at different developmental stages. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 54:9–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim HJ, Kim J, Yun DL, Kim KS, Kim YJ (2016) Growth and flowering Doritaenopsis Queen Beer ‘Mantefon’ as affected by different potting substrates. Hortic J 85:360–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kinsman EA, Lewis C, Davies MS, Young JE, Francis E, Vilhar B, Ougham HJ (1997) Elevated CO2 stimulates cells to divide in grass meristems: a differential effect in two natural populations of Dactylis glomerata. Plant Cell Environ 10:1309–1316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lee HB, An SK, Lee SY, Kim KS (2017) Vegetative growth characteristics of Phalaenopsis and Doritaenopsis plants under different artificial lighting sources. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 35:21–29Google Scholar
  20. Madsen E (1974) The effect of CO2 concentration on development and dry matter production in young tomato plants. Acta Agric Scand 23:235–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pritchard SG, Rogers HH, Prior SA, Peterson CM (1999) Elevated CO2 and plant structure: a review. Glob Change Biol 5:807–837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Purvis ON (1934) An analysis of the influence of temperature on the subsequent development of certain winter cereals and its relation to the effect of length of day. Ann Bot 48:919–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rogers GS, Milham PJ, Gillings M, Conroy JP (1996) Sink strength may be the key to growth and nitrogen responses in N-deficient wheat at elevated CO2. Funct Plant Biol 23:253–264Google Scholar
  24. Sage RF (1994) Acclimation of photosynthesis to increasing atmospheric CO2: the gas exchange perspective. Photosynth Res 39:351–368CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Shenping X, Xiaoshu Z, Chao L, Qingsheng Y (2014) Effects of CO2 enrichment on photosynthesis and growth in Gerbera jamesonii. Sci Hortic 177:77–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Thomas DC, Benson SM (eds) (2005) Carbon dioxide capture for storage in deep geologic formations-results from the CO2 capture project: Vol 1-capture and separation of carbon dioxide from combustion, Vol 2-geologic storage of carbon dioxide with monitoring and verification. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  27. Wang YT (2007) Average daily temperature and reversed day/night temperature regulate vegetative and reproductive responses of a Doritis pulcherrima Lindley hybrid. HortScience 42:68–70Google Scholar
  28. Zangerl AR, Bazzaz FA (1984) The response of plants to elevated CO2. Oecologia 62:412–417CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Ziska LH, Hogan KPA, Smith P, Drake BG (1991) Growth and photosynthetic response of nine tropical species with long-term exposure to elevated carbon dioxide. Oecologia 86:383–389CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Ziska LH, Weerakoon W, Namuco OS, Pamplona R (1996) The influence of nitrogen on the elevated CO2 response in field-grown rice. Funct Plant Biol 23:45–52Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society for Horticultural Science and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, Biotechnology and Landscape ArchitectureSeoul Women’s UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.National Institute of Biological ResourcesMinistry of EnvironmentIncheonKorea

Personalised recommendations