Biomedical Engineering Letters

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 311–315 | Cite as

Transscleral LED illumination pen

  • Christian Lingenfelder
  • Frank Koch
  • Philipp Koelbl
  • Pia Klante
  • Martin Hessling
Original Article


Existing light sources for intraocular illumination are often bulky and expensive and pose a risk for the patient, because light guides are inserted in the eye through incisions and if the tip of these light guides get too close to the retina, the retina can be damaged photochemically within minutes or even seconds. Therefore a new, safe and simple device for intraocular illumination is developed and evaluated for its thermal and photochemical risks to the patient. It consists of a white LED which is integrated into a pen like holder. This device is pressed against the sclera by the physician who seeks for illumination during surgery or for diagnostic purposes. The LED light is transmitted through the sclera without the need for an incision. Considering the relevant standards, the device poses no harm to the patient, and in tests with the authors’ own eyes a sufficient intraocular illumination is reached. The proposed device is quite simple but easy to handle and very gentle for the patient.


Transscleral illumination Photochemical hazard Thermal hazard Retinal diagnostics White LED 



Support of the “Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie” (ZIM-Förderkennzeichen ZF4137902AK6) is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Frank Koch and Pia Klante declare to have no conflict of interests. Christian Lingenfelder, Philipp Koelbl and Martin Hessling have filed a German patent application in November 2014.

Informed consent

Informed consent has been obtained from all individuals included in this study.


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Medical and Biological Engineering and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pharmpur GmbHKoenigsbrunnGermany
  2. 2.Clinic of OphthalmologyGoethe UniversityFrankfurtGermany
  3. 3.Ulm University of Applied SciencesUlmGermany

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