Evaluation of the Effect of Lignin and Glass Fiber on the Technical Properties of Asphalt Mixtures

Research Article - Civil Engineering
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

The performance and the fundamental weaknesses of the asphalt mix have made the researchers think about modifying the technical properties of the asphalt mix by using the appropriate additives. The fiber spreads through the asphalt mix and prevents the development of the micro-cracks by producing a more coherent mix and increasing its durability. The present study, for the first time, has used two additives, lignin and glass fiber (6 and 12 mm in length), to improve the performance of asphalt mix. Mixing was done in a way that lignin and glass fiber were added to the bitumen and aggregates, respectively. According to the results, the length of the used glass fiber has a significant effect on the Marshall Resistance and asphalt mix performance so that glass fiber in 6 mm length has reduced the Marshall strength and glass fiber in 12 mm length has increased the Marshall strength. Moreover, the results of resilient modulus indicate that having a stable percentage of fiber and an increasing lignin percentage, it behaves differently at two temperatures of 15 and 25 \(^{\circ }\)C, confirming once again the fact that the length of fiber plays a decisive role on the result of resilient modulus.

Keywords

Lignin Glass fiber Asphalt mixtures Marshall Resilient modulus Economic analysis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Zarei, M.; Zahdi, M.: Effect of nano-carbon black on the mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures. J. Fundam. Appl. Sci. 8(3S), 2996–3008 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zahedi, M.; Zarei, M.: Studying the simultaneous effect of black nano carbon and polyester fibers with high stability on mechanical properties of asphalt mixture. Turk Online J Des Art Commun 6(Special Edition), 188–195 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zahedi, M.; Barati, M.; Zarei, M.: Studying the technical effect of carbon nanotube on asphalt mixture with solid granulation. J. Civ. Eng. Struct. 1(1), 67–75 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alhamali, D.I.; Wu, j; Liu, Q.; Abdul Hassan, N.; Yusoff, N.; Albrka Ali, S.I.: Physical and rheological characteristics of polymer modified bitumen with nanosilica particles. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 41(4), 1521–1530 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Irfan, M.; Ali, Y.; Ahmed, S.; Hafeez, I.: Performance evaluation of crumb rubber-modified asphalt mixtures based on laboratory and field investigations. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 43(4), 1795–1806 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mirbaha, B.; Abdi, A.; Zarei, M.; Zarei, A.: Experimental determination of the optimum percentage of asphalt mixtures reinforced with Nano-carbon black and polyester fiber industries. Eng. Solid Mech. 5(4), 285–292 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Serin, S.; Morova, N.; Saltan, M.; Terzi, S.: Investigation of usability of steel fiber in asphalt concrete mixture. Constr. Build. Mater. 36, 238–244 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hossam, S.; Mubaraki, M.; Yusoff, N.: Application of the maximum undamaged defect size (d) concept in fiber-reinforced concrete pavements. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 39(12), 8499–8506 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Imran, H.; Ahmed Kamal, M.: Creep compliance: a parameter to predict rut performance of asphalt binders and mixtures. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 39(8), 5971–5978 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Khattak, M.J.; Baladi, G.Y.: Fatigue and permanent deformation models for polymer-modified asphalt mixtures. J. Transp. Res. Board 1767, 135–145 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sjostrom, E.: Wood Chemistry, Fundamentals and Application, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San Diego (1993)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rabinovich, M.L.; Melnik, M.S.; Bolobova, A.V.: Microbial celluloses: a review. Appl. Biochem. Microbiol. 38, 305–321 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wiliams, R.C.; McCready, N.S.: The Utilization of Agriculturally Derived Lignin as an Antioxidant in Asphalt Binder. Center for Transportation Research and Education Iowa State University, Intrans Project Reports. Paper 14 (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pan, T.: A first-principles based chemophysical environment for studying lignins as an asphalt antioxidant. Constr. Build. Mater. 36, 654–664 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Khalil, H.P.S.A.; Marliana, M.M.; Turki, A.: Material properties of epoxy-reinforced biocomposites with lignin from empty fruit bunch as curing agent. BioResources 6(4), 5206–5223 (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Taher, B.M.; Mohamed, R.K.; Mahrez, A.: A review on fatigue and rutting performance of asphalt mixes. Sci. Res. Essays 6(4), 670–682 (2011)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Guo, Q.; Li, L.; Cheng, Y.; Xu, C.: Laboratory evaluation on performance of diatomite and glass fiber compound modified asphalt mixture. Mater. Des. 66, 51–59 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    AASHTO (Association of State Highways and Transportation Officials). Pavement Design Guide (2002)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zahedi, M.; Barati, M.; Zarei, M.: Evaluation the effect of carbon nanotube on the rheological and mechanical properties of bitumen and Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA). Electron. J. Struct. Eng. 17, 1 (2017)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zarei, M.; Salehikalam, A.; Dadashi, A.; Nasrollahi, M.; Akbarinia, F.; Azadmanesh, H.: Technical-economic studies about of Nano-carbon black on the mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures. Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. (2018, in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringRazi UniversityKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringImam Khomeini International UniversityQazvinIran
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringAzad University, Central Tehran BranchTehranIran

Personalised recommendations