An Efficient Adsorption of Manganese Oxides/Activated Carbon Composite for Lead(II) Ions from Aqueous Solution

  • Zhiqiang Liu
  • Xiaoxiao Zhong
  • Yuan Wang
  • Zibiao Ding
  • Chaonan Wang
  • Gejiao Wang
  • Shuijiao Liao
Research Article - Chemical Engineering
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to prepare a new type of efficient eco-material for removal of \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) from waste water. A manganese oxide/activated carbon composite (\(\hbox {Bio-MnO}_{x}/\hbox {AC}\)) was prepared by carbonizing the biogenic manganese oxides produced by Mn-oxidizing bacterial Marinobacter sp. MnI7-9 in a tube furnace under \(\hbox {N}_{2}\) (20–100 mL/min) at 573 K for 2 h. \(\hbox {Bio-MnO}_{x}/\hbox {AC}\) was found to contain carboxyl and hydroxyl groups, crystalline \(\hbox {Mn}_{3} \hbox {O}_{4}\), and manganosite. The composite’s adsorption capacity for \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) reached \(1128 \pm 42\) mg/g at 298 K, which is nearly 4–9 times higher than that of commercially available activated carbon and chemical Mn oxides and is also higher than those of other biomaterial-sourced activated carbons reported in previous studies. The adsorption kinetics data at 298 K could be described by pseudo-second-order kinetics with \({R}^{2} = 0.9867\), and the adsorption isotherm data could be described by a Langmuir isotherm with \({R}^{2} = 0.9999{-}0.9998\) at 293, 303, 313 and 323 K. The adsorption capacity was observed to increase with increasing pH. In this system, adsorption is weakly affected by ionic strength. Adsorption occurs through chemical sorption and is endothermic. The carboxyl and hydroxyl groups play an important role in \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) adsorption through surface complexation with \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\). These results indicate that it is practicable to remove \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) from wastewater using \(\hbox {Bio-MnO}_{x}\)/C and reveal a new use of biogenic Mn oxides.

Keywords

Activated carbon Adsorption \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) Biogenic manganese oxides Carbonizing 

Abbreviations

\(\hbox {Bio-MnO}_{x}/\hbox {AC}\)

Manganese oxide/activated carbon composite

XRD

X-ray diffraction

FAAS

Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer

PZC

The point of zero charge

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Rao, M.M.; Rao, G.P.C.; Seshaiah, K.; Choudary, N.V.; Wang, M.C.: Activated carbon from Ceiba pentandra hulls, an agricultural waste, as an adsorbent in the removal of lead and zinc from aqueous solutions. Waste Manag. (Oxford) 28(5), 849–858 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sreejalekshmi, K.G.; Krishnan, K.A.; Anirudhan, T.S.: Adsorption of Pb(II) and Pb(II)-citric acid on sawdust activated carbon: kinetic and equilibrium isotherm studies. J. Hazard. Mater. 161(2–3), 1506–1513 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aziz, H.A.; Adlan, M.N.; Ariffin, K.S.: Heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cu and Cr(III)) removal from water in Malaysia: post treatment by high quality limestone. Bioresour. Technol. 99(6), 1578–1583 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu, Y.X.; Yan, J.M.; Yuan, D.X.; Li, Q.L.; Wu, X.Y.: The study of lead removal from aqueous solution using an electrochemical method with a stainless steel net electrode coated with single wall carbon nanotubes. Chem. Eng. J. 218, 81–88 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Al-Othman, Z.A.; Naushad Inamuddin, M.: Organic–inorganic type composite cation exchanger poly-o-toluidine Zr(IV) tungstate: Preparation, physicochemical characterization and its analytical application in separation of heavy metals. Chem. Eng. J. 172(1), 369–375 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    O’Connell, D.W.; Birkinshaw, C.; O’Dwyer, T.F.: Heavy metal adsorbents prepared from the modification of cellulose: a review. Bioresour. Technol. 99(15), 6709–6724 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mohan, D.; Singh, K.P.: Single- and multi-component adsorption of cadmium and zinc using activated carbon derived from bagasse - an agricultural waste. Water Res. 36(9), 2304–2318 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Han, R.P.; Zhu, L.; Zou, W.H.; Wang, D.T.; Shi, J.; Yang, J.J.: Removal of copper(II) and lead(II) from aqueous solution by manganese oxide coated sand—II. Equilibrium study and competitive adsorption. J. Hazard. Mater. 137(1), 480–488 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ghaedi, M.; Biyareh, M.N.; Kokhdan, S.N.; Shamsaldini, S.; Sahraei, R.; Daneshfar, A.; Shahriyar, S.: Comparison of the efficiency of palladium and silver nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon and zinc oxide nanorods loaded on activated carbon as new adsorbents for removal of Congo red from aqueous solution: kinetic and isotherm study. Mater. Sci. Eng. C Mater. 32(4), 725–734 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Niu, Y.Z.; Qu, R.J.; Sun, C.M.; Wang, C.H.; Chen, H.; Ji, C.N.; Zhang, Y.; Shao, X.; Bu, F.L.: Adsorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by silica-gel supported hyperbranched polyamidoamine dendrimers. J. Hazard. Mater. 244, 276–286 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kim, S.H.; Song, H.; Nisola, G.M.; Ahn, J.; Galera, M.M.; Lee, C.H.; Chung, W.J.: Adsorption of lead(II) ions using surface-modified chitins. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 12(3), 469–475 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Khan, M.N.; Bhutto, S.; Wasim, A.A.; Khurshid, S.: Removal studies of lead onto activated carbon derived from lignocellulosic Mangifera indica seed shell. Desalin Water Treat. 57(24), 11211–11220 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ghaffar, A.: Removal of lead(II) ions from aqueous solution under different physicochemical conditions using various sorbents. Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 33(1A), 55–61 (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hernandez-Montoya, V.; Mendoza-Castillo, D.I.; Bonilla-Petriciolet, A.; Montes-Moran, M.A.; Perez-Cruz, M.A.: Role of the pericarp of Carya illinoinensis as biosorbent and as precursor of activated carbon for the removal of lead and acid blue 25 in aqueous solutions. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 92(1), 143–151 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fan, H.J.; Anderson, P.R.: Copper and cadmium removal by Mn oxide-coated granular activated carbon. Sep. Purif. Technol. 45(1), 61–67 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li, K.; Wang, X.: Adsorptive removal of Pb(II) by activated carbon prepared from Spartina alterniflora: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Bioresour. Technol. 100(11), 2810–2815 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zolfaghari, G.; Esmaili-Sari, A.; Anbia, M.; Younesi, H.; Ghasemian, M.B.: A zinc oxide-coated nanoporous carbon adsorbent for lead removal from water: optimization, equilibrium modeling, and kinetics studies. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 10(2), 325–340 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Li, K.; Zheng, Z.; Li, Y.: Characterization and lead adsorption properties of activated carbons prepared from cotton stalk by one-step H\(_3\)PO\(_4\) activation. J. Hazard. Mater. 181(1–3), 440–447 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Prado Cechinel, M.A.; Ulson, G.; de Souza, S.M.A.; Ulson de Souza, A.A.: Study of lead(II) adsorption onto activated carbon originating from cow bone. J. Clean. Prod. 65, 342–349 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lee, M.-E.; Park, J.H.; Chung, J.W.; Lee, C.-Y.; Kang, S.: Removal of Pb and Cu ions from aqueous solution by Mn\(_3\)O\(_4\)-coated activated carbon. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 21, 470–475 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pei, Y.; Chen, X.; Xiong, D.; Liao, S.; Wang, G.: Removal and recovery of toxic silver ion using deep-sea bacterial generated biogenic manganese oxides. PLoS ONE 8(12), e81627 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hu, Y.; Chen, X.; Liu, Z.; Wang, G.; Liao, S.: Activated carbon doped with biogenic manganese oxides for the removal of indigo carmine. J. Environ. Manag. 166, 512–518 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liao, S.J.; Zhou, J.X.; Wang, H.; Chen, X.; Wang, H.F.; Wang, G.J.: Arsenite oxidation using biogenic manganese oxides produced by a deep-sea manganese-oxidizing bacterium, Marinobacter sp. MnI7-9. Geomicrobiol. J. 30(2), 150–159 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Regalbuto, J.; Robles, J.: The Engineering of Pt/Carbon Catalyst Preparation. University of Illinois, Chicago (2004)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gardea-Torresdey, J.L.; Becker-Hapak, M.K.; Hosea, J.M.; Darnall, D.W.: Effect of chemical modification of algal carboxyl groups on metal ion binding. Environ. Sci. Technol. 24(9), 1372–1378 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Chen, J.P.; Yang, L.: Study of a heavy metal biosorption onto raw and chemically modified Sargassum sp. via spectroscopic and modeling analysis. Langmuir 22(21), 8906–8914 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Aguilar, C.; Garcia, R.; Soto-Garrido, G.; Arriagada, R.: Catalytic wet air oxidation of aqueous ammonia with activated carbon. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 46(2), 229–237 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Giraldo-Gutierrez, L.; Moreno-Pirajan, J.C.: Pb(II) and Cr(VI) adsorption from aqueous solution on activated carbons obtained from sugar cane husk and sawdust. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 81(2), 278–284 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Samantaray, S.K.; Parida, K.: Modified TiO\(_2\)–SiO\(_2\) mixed oxides 1. Effect of manganese cocentration and activation temperature towards catalytic combustion of volatile organic compounds. Appl. Catal. B Environ. 57(2), 83–91 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jaramillo, J.; Gomez-Serrano, V.; Alvarez, P.M.: Enhanced adsorption of metal ions onto functionalized granular activated carbons prepared from cherry stones. J. Hazard. Mater. 161(2–3), 670–676 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tang, Q.H.; Huang, X.N.; Chen, Y.T.; Liu, T.; Yang, Y.H.: Characterization and catalytic application of highly dispersed manganese oxides supported on activated carbon. J. Mol. Catal. A Chem. 301(1–2), 24–30 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Huang, Y.; Li, S.; Chen, J.; Zhang, X.; Chen, Y.: Adsorption of Pb(II) on mesoporous activated carbons fabricated from water hyacinth using H\(_4\)PO\(_4\) activation: adsorption capacity, kinetic and isotherm studies. Appl. Surf. Sci. 293, 160–168 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Gupta, V.K.; Ganjali, M.R.; Nayak, A.; Bhushan, B.; Agarwal, S.: Enhanced heavy metals removal and recovery by mesoporous adsorbent prepared from waste rubber tire. Chem. Eng. J. 197, 330–342 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gupta, V.K.; Suhas, S.: Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal—a review. J. Environ. Manag. 90(8), 2313–2342 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Ramesh, K.; Chen, L.; Chen, F.X.; Zhong, Z.Y.; Chin, J.H.; Mook, H.W.; Han, Y.F.: Preparation and characterization of coral-like nanostructured alpha-Mn\(_3\)O\(_3\) catalyst for catalytic combustion of methane. Catal. Commun. 8(9), 1421–1426 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Chen, X.; Pei, Y.J.; Wang, H.; Wang, G.J.; Liao, S.J.: Removal of indigo carmine by bacterial biogenic Mn oxides. In: 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, EESD 2013, November 12, 2013–November 13, 2013, Shanghai, China 2014. Advanced Materials Research, pp. 1779–1783. Trans Tech Publications LtdGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Pakula, M.; Walczyk, M.; Biniak, S.; Swiatkowski, A.: Electrochemical and FTIR studies of the mutual influence of lead(II) or iron(III) and phenol on their adsorption from aqueous acid solution by modified activated carbons. Chemosphere 69(2), 209–219 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Mohammadi, S.Z.; Karimi, M.A.; Afzali, D.; Mansouri, F.: Removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions using activated carbon from Sea-buckthorn stones by chemical activation. Desalination 262(1–3), 86–93 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Wang, L.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, R.; Li, Y.; Li, C.; Zhang, C.: Adsorption of Pb(II) on activated carbon prepared from Polygonum orientale Linn.: kinetics, isotherms, pH, and ionic strength studies. Bioresour. Technol. 101(15), 5808–5814 (2010)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Li, Y.; Du, Q.; Wang, X.; Zhang, P.; Wang, D.; Wang, Z.; Xia, Y.: Removal of lead from aqueous solution by activated carbon prepared from Enteromorpha prolifera by zinc chloride activation. J. Hazard. Mater. 183(1–3), 583–589 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Naiya, T.K.; Bhattacharya, A.K.; Das, S.K.: Clarified sludge (basic oxygen furnace sludge)—an adsorbent for removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions—kinetics, thermodynamics and desorption studies. J. Hazard. Mater. 170(1), 252–262 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Freundlich, H.: Over the adsorption in solution. J. Phys. Chem. 57(385), e470 (1906)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Sun, X.; Chen, J.H.; Su, Z.; Huang, Y.; Dong, X.: Highly effective removal of Cu(II) by a novel 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane functionalized polyethyleneimine/sodium alginate porous membrane adsorbent. Chem. Eng. J. 290, 1–11 (2016)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Wang, M.C.; Sheng, G.D.; Qiu, Y.P.: A novel manganese-oxide/biochar composite for efficient removal of lead(II) from aqueous solutions. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12(5), 1719–1726 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Hamad, H.; Ezzeddine, Z.; Lakis, F.; Rammal, H.; Srour, M.; Hijazi, A.: An insight into the removal of Cu(II) and Pb(II) by aminopropyl-modified mesoporous carbon CMK-3: adsorption capacity and mechanism. Mater. Chem. Phys. 178, 57–64 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhiqiang Liu
    • 1
  • Xiaoxiao Zhong
    • 1
  • Yuan Wang
    • 1
  • Zibiao Ding
    • 1
  • Chaonan Wang
    • 1
  • Gejiao Wang
    • 2
  • Shuijiao Liao
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Basic SciencesHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and TechnologyHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations