The isocrinine crinoid Isselicrinus Rovereto from the Paleogene of the Americas

  • Stephen K. DonovanEmail author
  • Sven N. Nielsen
  • J. Velez-Juarbe
  • Roger W. Portell
Regular Research Article


Crinoids are uncommon fossils in the Cenozoic. This scarcity means that even disarticulated elements are of note. Two species of the isocrinine Isselicrinus Rovereto are described from their disarticulated columns. Isselicrinus sp. A is from the upper Eocene Moritzian Stage of Tierra del Fuego. These crinoids have a robust column, varying from pentalobate (proximal?) to rounded pentagonal (distal?) in section and with consistently depressed areola petals. Isselicrinus sp. B is from the Lower Oligocene Juana Diaz Formation of Puerto Rico. This species is typified by slender pluricolumnals, always rounded pentagonal in section, and long noditaxes. Proximal and distal pluricolumnal morphologies are not distinguishable.


Tierra del Fuego Puerto Rico Oligocene Systematics Taphonomy 



Two anonymous reviewers made several constructive comments, which we gratefully acknowledge. We thank Sean Roberts (UF) for assistance in drafting Fig. 1. This is University of Florida Contribution to Paleobiology 861.


  1. Archiac, A. D. d' (1846). Description des fossils recueillis par M. Thorent, dans la couche à nummulines des environs de Bayonne. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France, série 2, 1846, 189–217.Google Scholar
  2. Biese, W., & Sieverts-Doreck, H. (1971). Fossilium Catalogus. I: Animalia. Pars 80: Crinoidea caenozoica. Reprint [first published 1939]. Den Haag: W. Junk.Google Scholar
  3. Blake, D. B., Donovan, S. K., Mah, C. L., & Dixon, H. L. (2015). Asteroid (Echinodermata) skeletal elements from the Upper Oligocene of Jamaica and Antigua. Geological Magazine, 152, 1043–1056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dixon, H. L., & Donovan, S. K. (1998). Oligocene echinoids of Jamaica. Tertiary Research, 18, 95–124.Google Scholar
  5. Dixon, H. L., Donovan, S. K., & Veltkamp, C. J. (1994). Crinoid and ophiuroid ossicles from the Oligocene of Jamaica. Caribbean Journal of Science, 30, 143–145.Google Scholar
  6. Donovan, S. K. (1984). Stem morphology of the Recent crinoid Chladocrinus (Neocrinus) decorus. Palaeontology, 27, 825–841.Google Scholar
  7. Donovan, S. K. (1995). Isocrinid crinoids from the late Cenozoic of Jamaica. Atlantic Geology, 30, 195–203.Google Scholar
  8. Donovan, S. K., Harper, D. A. T., & Portell, R. W. (2015). In deep water: A crinoid–brachiopod association in the Late Oligocene of Antigua, West Indies. Lethaia, 48, 291–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Donovan, S. K., & Veltkamp, C. J. (2001). The Antillean Tertiary crinoid fauna. Journal of Paleontology, 75, 721–731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hess, H. (1999). Recent. In H. Hess, W. I. Ausich, C. E. Brett, & M. J. Simms (Eds.), Fossil crinoids (pp. 233–236). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hess, H., & Messing, C. G. (2011). Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part T, Echinodermata 2, revised, Crinoidea (Vol. 3). Lawrence: University of Kansas Paleontological Institute.Google Scholar
  12. Jagt, J. W. M. (1999). Late Cretaceous–Early Palaeogene echinoderms and the K/T boundary in the southeast Netherlands and northeast Belgium—Part 2: crinoids. Scripta Geologica, 116, 59–255.Google Scholar
  13. Klikushin, V. G. (1977). Morskiye lilii roda Isselicrinus. Paleontologicheskiĭ Zhurnal, 1977(1), 87–95. [English translation: Sea lilies of the genus Isselicrinus. Paleontological Journal, 1977 (1), 82–89].Google Scholar
  14. Larue, D. K. (1994). Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. In S. K. Donovan, & T. A. Jackson (Eds.), Caribbean geology: An introduction (pp. 151–165). Kingston: U.W.I. Publishers’ Association.Google Scholar
  15. Malumián, N., & Olivero, E. B. (2005). Shallow-water late middle Eocene crinoids from Tierra del Fuego: A new southern record of a retrograde community structure. Scientia Marina, 69(Suppl. 2), 349–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Miller, J. S. (1821). A natural history of the Crinoidea or lily-shaped animals, with observations on the genera Asteria, Eurayle, Comatula and Marsupites. Bristol: C. Frost.Google Scholar
  17. Moore, R. C., Jeffords, R. M., & Miller, T. H. (1968). Morphological features of crinoid columns. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Echinodermata Article, 8, 1–30.Google Scholar
  18. Moore, R. C., with additions by Ubaghs, G., Rasmussen, H. W., Breimer, A., & Lane, N. G. (1978). Glossary of crinoid morphological terms. In R. C. Moore & C. Teichert (Eds.), Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. Part T. Echinodermata 2(1) (pp. T229, T231, T233–T242). Boulder and Lawrence: Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.Google Scholar
  19. Natland, M. L., & Gonzalez, E. P. (1974). Geology and paleontology of Magallanes Basin. In M. L. Natland, E. P. Gonzalez, A. Cañon, & M. Ernst (Eds.), A system of stages for correlation of Magellanes Basin sediments, vol. 139 (pp. 3–57). Geological Society of America Memoir.Google Scholar
  20. Nielsen, S. N., Bandel, K., & Kröger, B. (2009). Palaeobiogeographical provenance, taphonomy, and mode of life of Aturia cubaensis (Cephalopoda, Nautiloidea) from Cainozoic deposits of Chile. Geobios, 42, 73–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rasmussen, H. W. (1961). A monograph on the Cretaceous Crinoidea. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Skrifter, 12(1), 1–428.Google Scholar
  22. Rasmussen, H. W. (1972). Lower Tertiary Crinoidea, Asteroidea and Ophiuroidea from northern Europe and Greenland. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Skrifter, 19(7), 1–83.Google Scholar
  23. Roux, M. (1977). The stalk-joints of Recent Isocrinidae (Crinoidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology Series, 32, 45–64.Google Scholar
  24. Rovereto, G. (1914). Nuovi studi sulla stratigrafia e sulla fauna dell’Oligocene Ligure. Genova: Oliveri.Google Scholar
  25. Sieverts-Doreck, H. (1952). In R. C. Moore, C. G. Lalicker, & A. G. Fischer, Invertebrate fossils (p. 614). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  26. Ubaghs, G. (1978). Skeletal morphology of fossil crinoids. In R. C. Moore & C. Teichert (Eds.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part T. Echinodermata 2(1) (pp. T58–T216). Boulder and Lawrence: Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.Google Scholar
  27. von Zittel, K. A. (1876–1880). Handbuch der Palaeontologie, Band 1, Palaeozoologie. Abt. 1. München und Leipzig: R. Oldenbourg.Google Scholar
  28. Webster, G. D. (1974). Crinoid pluricolumnal noditaxis patterns. Journal of Paleontology, 48, 1283–1288.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akademie der Naturwissenschaften Schweiz (SCNAT) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen K. Donovan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sven N. Nielsen
    • 2
  • J. Velez-Juarbe
    • 3
  • Roger W. Portell
    • 4
  1. 1.Taxonomy and Systematics GroupNaturalis Biodiversity CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias de la TierraUniversidad Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  3. 3.Natural History Museum of Los Angeles CountyLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Florida Museum of Natural HistoryUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations