China Ocean Engineering

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 41–50 | Cite as

Ultimate Lateral Capacity of Rigid Pile in cφ Soil



To date no analytical solution of the pile ultimate lateral capacity for the general cφ soil has been obtained. In the present study, a new dimensionless embedded ratio was proposed and the analytical solutions of ultimate lateral capacity and rotation center of rigid pile in cφ soils were obtained. The results showed that both the dimensionless ultimate lateral capacity and dimensionless rotation center were the univariate functions of the embedded ratio. Also, the ultimate lateral capacity in the cφ soil was the combination of the ultimate lateral capacity (f c ) in the clay, and the ultimate lateral capacity (f φ ) in the sand. Therefore, the Broms chart for clay, solution for clay (φ=0) put forward by Poulos and Davis, solution for sand (c=0) obtained by Petrasovits and Awad, and Kondner’s ultimate bending moment were all proven to be the special cases of the general solution in the present study. A comparison of the field and laboratory tests in 93 cases showed that the average ratios of the theoretical values to the experimental value ranged from 0.85 to 1.15. Also, the theoretical values displayed a good agreement with the test values.


pile ultimate lateral capacity dimensionless analytical solution cφ soils hyperbolic function method 


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Copyright information

© Chinese Ocean Engineering Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanjing Hydraulic Research InstituteNanjingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Water Science and EngineeringMinistry of Water ResourcesNanjingChina
  3. 3.National Energy Hydropower Engineering Safety and Environmental Research and Development CenterNanjingChina

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