China Ocean Engineering

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 32–40 | Cite as

Particle Swarm-Based Translation Control for Immersed Tunnel Element in the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macao Bridge Project

  • Jun-jun Li
  • Xiao-jun Yang
  • Ying-jie Xiao
  • Bo-wei Xu
  • Hua-feng Wu
Article

Abstract

Immersed tunnel is an important part of the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macao Bridge (HZMB) project. In immersed tunnel floating, translation which includes straight and transverse movements is the main working mode. To decide the magnitude and direction of the towing force for each tug, a particle swarm-based translation control method is presented for non-power immersed tunnel element. A sort of linear weighted logarithmic function is exploited to avoid weak subgoals. In simulation, the particle swarm-based control method is evaluated and compared with traditional empirical method in the case of the HZMB project. Simulation results show that the presented method delivers performance improvement in terms of the enhanced surplus towing force.

Keywords

immersed tunnel element translation control Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macao Bridge (HZMB) project particle swarm optimization 

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Copyright information

© Chinese Ocean Engineering Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun-jun Li
    • 1
  • Xiao-jun Yang
    • 1
  • Ying-jie Xiao
    • 1
  • Bo-wei Xu
    • 2
  • Hua-feng Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Merchant Marine CollegeShanghai Maritime UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Institute of Logistics Science &EngineeringShanghai Maritime UniversityShanghaiChina

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