Updates in Surgery

, Volume 70, Issue 1, pp 147–148 | Cite as

Face and content validity of Xperience Team Trainer: bed-side assistant training simulator for robotic surgery

Letter to the Editor


Author contributions

AM: manuscript writing, editing, and approval.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Dr. Andrea Moglia declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required.


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Surgery (SIC) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EndoCAS, Center for Computer Assisted SurgeryUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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