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International Journal of Steel Structures

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 1191–1199 | Cite as

Feasibility Study of Submerged Floating Tunnels Moored by an Inclined Tendon System

  • Deokhee Won
  • Seungjun KimEmail author
Article
  • 169 Downloads

Abstract

Concepts of submerged floating tunnels (SFTs) for land connection have been continuously suggested and developed by several researchers and institutes. To maintain their predefined positions under various dynamic environmental loading conditions, the submerged floating tunnels should be effectively moored by reasonable mooring systems. With rational mooring systems, the design of SFTs should be confirmed to satisfy the structural safety, fatigue, and operability design criteria related to tunnel motion, internal forces, structural stresses, and the fatigue life of the main structural members. This paper presents a feasibility study of a submerged floating tunnel moored by an inclined tendon system. The basic structural concept was developed based on the concept of conventional cable-stayed bridges to minimize the seabed excavation, penetration, and anchoring work by applying tower-inclined tendon systems instead of conventional tendons with individual seabed anchors. To evaluate the structural performance of the new type of SFT, a hydrodynamic analysis was performed in the time domain using the commercial nonlinear finite element code ABAQUS–AQUA. For the main dynamic environmental loading condition, an irregular wave load was examined. A JONSWAP wave spectrum was used to generate a time-series wave-induced hydrodynamic load considering the specific significant wave height and peak period for predetermined wave conditions. By performing a time-domain hydrodynamic analysis on the submerged floating structure under irregular waves, the motional characteristics, structural stresses, and fatigue damage of the floating tunnel and mooring members were analyzed to evaluate the structural safety and fatigue performance. According to the analytical study, the suggested conceptual model for SFTs shows very good hydrodynamic structural performance. It can be concluded that the concept can be considered as a reasonable structural type of SFT.

Keywords

Submerged floating tunnel Hydrodynamics Motion Mooring Fatigue 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was supported by a grant (18CTAP-C133500-02) from technology advancement research program funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government.

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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Steel Construction 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Coastal Disaster Prevention Research CenterKorea Institute of Ocean Science and TechnologyBusanKorea
  2. 2.Department of Construction Safety and Disaster Prevention EngineeringDaejeon UniversityDaejeonKorea

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