, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 427–440 | Cite as

Aquaculture expansion in Brazilian freshwaters against the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

  • Dilermando Pereira Lima Junior
  • André Lincoln Barroso Magalhães
  • Fernando Mayer Pelicice
  • Jean Ricardo Simões Vitule
  • Valter M. Azevedo-Santos
  • Mário Luís Orsi
  • Daniel Simberloff
  • Angelo Antônio Agostinho


The Convention on Biological Diversity proposed the Aichi Biodiversity Targets to improve conservation policies and to balance economic development, social welfare, and the maintenance of biodiversity/ecosystem services. Brazil is a signatory of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and is the most diverse country in terms of freshwater fish, but its national policies have supported the development of unsustainable commercial and ornamental aquaculture, which has led to serious disturbances to inland ecosystems and natural resources. We analyzed the development of Brazilian aquaculture to show how current aquaculture expansion conflicts with all 20 Aichi Targets. This case suggests that Brazil and many other megadiverse developing countries will not meet international conservation targets, stressing the need for new strategies, such as the environmental management system, to improve biodiversity conservation.


Biodiversity conservation Blue revolution Convention on Biological Diversity Environmental management system Megadiversity Non-native invasive species 



We thank Edson Kiyoshi Okada for providing the photo and anonymous reviewers for helpful suggestions on the manuscript. André L. B. Magalhães and Valter M. Azevedo-Santos received CAPES scholarships, and Dilermando P. Lima Jr, Fernando M. Pelicice, Jean R. S. Vitule, and Angelo A. Agostinho received CNPq research grants.


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dilermando Pereira Lima Junior
    • 1
  • André Lincoln Barroso Magalhães
    • 2
  • Fernando Mayer Pelicice
    • 3
  • Jean Ricardo Simões Vitule
    • 4
  • Valter M. Azevedo-Santos
    • 5
  • Mário Luís Orsi
    • 6
  • Daniel Simberloff
    • 7
  • Angelo Antônio Agostinho
    • 8
  1. 1.Aquatic Ecosystems Ecology and Conservation Laboratory– Universidade Federal de Mato GrossoPontal do AraguaiaBrazil
  2. 2.Graduate Program in Technologies for the Sustainable Development – Universidade Federal de São João Del ReiOuro BrancoBrazil
  3. 3.Núcleo de Estudos AmbientaisUniversidade Federal de TocantinsPorto NacionalBrazil
  4. 4.Ecology and Conservation Laboratory, Environmental Engineering DepartmentTechnology Sector – Universidade Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de ZoologiaUniversidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”BotucatuBrazil
  6. 6.Fish Ecology and Biological Invasions LaboratoryUniversidade Estadual de LondrinaLondrinaBrazil
  7. 7.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  8. 8.Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Ictiologia e Aquicultura (NUPELIA)Universidade Estadual de MaringáMaringáBrazil

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