Applying a Comprehensive Contextual Climate Change Vulnerability Framework to New Zealand’s Tourism Industry
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Conceptualisations of ‘vulnerability’ vary amongst scholarly communities, contributing to a wide variety of applications. Research investigating vulnerability to climate change has often excluded non-climatic changes which may contribute to degrees of vulnerability perceived or experienced. This paper introduces a comprehensive contextual vulnerability framework which incorporates physical, social, economic and political factors which could amplify or reduce vulnerability. The framework is applied to New Zealand’s tourism industry to explore its value in interpreting a complex, human-natural environment system with multiple competing vulnerabilities. The comprehensive contextual framework can inform government policy and industry decision making, integrating understandings of climate change within the broader context of internal and external social, physical, economic, and institutional stressors.
KeywordsVulnerability Climate change Global climate change New Zealand Tourism Comprehensive contextual vulnerability framework Vulnerability frameworks
The author would like to thank Professor James Higham, Professor Susanne Becken for their help developing this paper, and the anonymous reviewers and the editors for their constructive feedback on earlier drafts.
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