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AMBIO

, Volume 41, Supplement 2, pp 125–131 | Cite as

Ultra-High Efficiency Photovoltaic Cells for Large Scale Solar Power Generation

  • Yoshiaki Nakano
Article

Abstract

The primary targets of our project are to drastically improve the photovoltaic conversion efficiency and to develop new energy storage and delivery technologies. Our approach to obtain an efficiency over 40% starts from the improvement of III–V multi-junction solar cells by introducing a novel material for each cell realizing an ideal combination of bandgaps and lattice-matching. Further improvement incorporates quantum structures such as stacked quantum wells and quantum dots, which allow higher degree of freedom in the design of the bandgap and the lattice strain. Highly controlled arrangement of either quantum dots or quantum wells permits the coupling of the wavefunctions, and thus forms intermediate bands in the bandgap of a host material, which allows multiple photon absorption theoretically leading to a conversion efficiency exceeding 50%. In addition to such improvements, microfabrication technology for the integrated high-efficiency cells and the development of novel material systems that realizes high efficiency and low cost at the same time are investigated.

Keywords

Multi-junction Quantum well Concentrator Photovoltaic 

References

  1. Oshima, R., A. Takata, Y. Shoji, K. Akahane, and Y. Okada. 2010. InAs/GaNAs strain-compensated quantum dots stacked up to 50 layers for use in high-efficiency solar cell. Physica E 42: 2757–2760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Sugiyama, M., K. Sugita, Y. Wang, and Y. Nakano. 2011. In situ curvature monitoring for metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy of strain-balanced stacks of InGaAs/GaAsP multiple quantum wells. Journal of Crystal Growth 315: 1–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Wang, Y., Y. Wen, K. Watanabe, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano. 2010. InGaAs/GaAsP strain-compensated superlattice solar cell for enhanced spectral response. In Proceedings 35th IEEE photovoltaic specialists conference, 3383–3385.Google Scholar
  4. Wang, Y.P., S. Ma, M. Sugiyama, and Y. Nakano. 2012. Management of highly-strained heterointerface in InGaAs/GaAsP strain-balanced superlattice for photovoltaic application. Journal of Crystal Growth. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.12.049.

Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Advanced Science and TechnologyThe University of TokyoMeguro-ku, TokyoJapan

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