SONNE: Solar-Based Man-Made Carbon Cycle and the Carbon Dioxide Economy
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Humans became a global force in the chemical evolution with respect to climate change by interrupting naturally evolved biogeochemical cycles. However, humans also have all the facilities to turn the “chemical revolution” into a sustainable chemical evolution. I define a sustainable society as one able to balance the environment, other life forms, and human interactions over an indefinite time period. According to Steffen et al. (2007), “The Great Acceleration is reaching criticality. Whatever unfolds, the next few decades will surely be a tipping point in the evolution of the Anthropocene”. There is much discussion on “sustainable chemistry” (often called green chemistry), but, in my understanding, the basic principle, is to transfer matter for energetic and material use only within global cycles, without changing reservoir concentrations above a critical level, which is “a quantitative estimate of an exposure to one or more pollutants below which significant harmful...
KeywordsFossil Fuel Elemental Carbon Carbon Cycle Carbon Capture Solar Fuel
I thank Otmar Edenhofer (Potsdam Institute for Climate Research—PIK), Thomas Fischer (Brandenburg Technical University—BTU), Dirk Freese (BTU), Mathias Hofmann (PIK), Hans-Joachim Krautz (BTU), Elmar Kriegler (PIK), Axel Liebscher (Geo-Research Centre Potsdam), and George Tsatsaronis (Technical University Berlin) for transforming this idea to a joint research project just submitted.
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