, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 211–215 | Cite as

Bangladesh Needs a “Blue–Green Revolution” to Achieve a Green Economy

  • Nesar Ahmed
  • James F. Muir
  • Stephen T. Garnett


Bangladesh is the 7th most populous country in the world, covering an area of 144 000 km2 with a population of 164 million. population is constantly increasing in Bangladesh with 2.26 million more people being added each year (United Nations 2009). Bangladesh is also the most densely populated country (1142 per km2) in the world, ranking 11th in population density when small island countries and city-states are included. Despite sustained efforts by donors since independence (1971), Bangladesh remains one of the world’s least developed countries with 58% of its population classified as poor (Alkire and Santos 2010). Although per capita income has more than tripled from US$203 in 1975 to US$641 in 2010, it is still extremely low compared to the world average of US$8 985 (IMF 2010).

The effects of climate change are a further threat to food security in Bangladesh as the country ranks first in terms of vulnerability to climate change (Harmeling 2010). Already one in four...


Rice Field Fish Farming Green Revolution Rice Farming Green Economy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The synopsis is based on the first author’s PhD and postdoctoral research experience with prawn-rice and rice–fish farming, respectively. The first author gratefully acknowledges the UK Department for International Development (DFID) for a PhD fellowship at the University of Stirling, UK and the Australian government Endeavor Research Fellowship for postdoctoral research at Charles Darwin University, Australia. The second and third authors were the PhD and postdoctoral supervisors of the first author, respectively. The views expressed herein are solely those of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nesar Ahmed
    • 1
  • James F. Muir
    • 2
  • Stephen T. Garnett
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries ManagementBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensinghBangladesh
  2. 2.Institute of AquacultureUniversity of StirlingStirlingScotland, UK
  3. 3.Research Institute for Environment and LivelihoodsCharles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia

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