AMBIO

, Volume 40, Issue 7, pp 798–806 | Cite as

Paying for International Environmental Public Goods

Review Paper

Abstract

Supply of international environmental public goods must meet certain conditions to be socially efficient, and several reasons explain why they are currently undersupplied. Diagnosis of the public goods failure associated with particular ecosystem services is critical to the development of the appropriate international response. There are two categories of international environmental public goods that are most likely to be undersupplied. One has an additive supply technology and the other has a weakest link supply technology. The degree to which the collective response should be targeted depends on the importance of supply from any one country. In principle, the solution for the undersupply lies in payments designed to compensate local providers for the additional costs they incur in meeting global demand. Targeted support may take the form of direct investment in supply (the Global Environment Facility model) or of payments for the benefits of supply (the Payments for Ecosystem Services model).

Keywords

International environmental public goods Ecosystem services Payments for ecosystem services Global environmental public 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors acknowledge support from the United Nations Environment Programme.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural EconomicsPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileMacul, SantiagoChile
  2. 2.ecoSERVICES Group, School of Life SciencesArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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