Skip to main content

The Environmental Impact of not Having Paved Roads in Arid Regions: An Example from Mongolia

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    Locally also known as the Millennium Road and internationally also as Asian Highway 32.

References

  1. Batanouny, K.H. 1985. Environmental effects of off-road vehicles. Impacts and management in arid regions. Plant Ecology 60: 66–66.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Batjargal, Z., J. Dulam, and Y. Chung. 2006. Dust storms are an indication of an unhealthy environment in East Asia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 114: 447–460.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Belnap, J. 2002. Impacts of off-road vehicles on nitrogen cycles in biological soil crusts: Resistance in different U.S. deserts. Journal of Arid Environments 52: 155–165.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Brown, G., and N. Schoknecht. 2001. Off-road vehicles and vegetation patterning in a degraded desert ecosystem in Kuwait. Journal of Arid Environments 49: 413–427.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Clevenger, A.P., B. Chruszcz, and K.E. Gunson. 2003. Spatial patterns and factors influencing small vertebrate fauna road-kill aggregations. Biological Conservation 109: 15–26.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Damdinsuren, B., J.E. Herrick, D.A. Pyke, B.T. Bestelmeyer, and K.M. Havstad. 2008. Is rangeland health relevant to Mongolia? Rangelands 30: 25–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Forman, R.T.T. 2003. Road ecology: Science and solutions, 480 pp. Washington, DC: Island Press.

  8. Google. 2011a. Near: Ulaan Baatar, Mongolia. http://goo.gl/Y6NGg. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  9. Google. 2011b. Near: Bayan Olgii, Mongolia. http://goo.gl/cd0h3. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  10. Google. 2011c. Near: Lun, Mongolia. http://goo.gl/p2tHE. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  11. Google. 2011d. Aman-Semiz in Uzbekistan. http://goo.gl/QI1vG. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  12. Google. 2011e. Akadyr, Kazakhstan. http://goo.gl/PsBM9. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  13. Google. 2011f. Near: Eduardo Avaroa National Fauna Reserve in Bolivia. http://goo.gl/Dm4La. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  14. Google. 2011g. Laguna Colorado in Bolivia. http://goo.gl/Rvp3I. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  15. Laurance, W.F., M.A. Cochrane, S. Bergen, P.M. Fearnside, P. Delamônica, C. Barber, S. D’angelo, and T. Fernandes. 2001. The future of the Brazilian Amazon. Science 291: 438–439.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Li, S.-G., M. Tsujimura, A. Sugimoto, G. Davaa, and M. Sugita. 2006. Natural recovery of steppe vegetation on vehicle tracks in central Mongolia. Journal of Biosciences 31: 85–93.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Misak, R.F., J.M. Al-Awadhi, S.A. Omar, and S.A. Shahid. 2002. Soil degradation in Kabd area, southwestern Kuwait City. Land Degradation & Development 13: 403–415.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. N.R.C. Committee on Ecological Impacts of Road Density. 2005. Assessing and managing the ecological impacts of paved roads, 294 pp. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

  19. National Statistical Office of Mongolia. 2008. Mongolian statistical yearbook 2007, 434 pp. Ulaanbaatar: National Statistical Office of Mongolia.

  20. Onon, R. 2010. Current status of road destinations connected to Asian highway network. In: 8th meeting of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) transport sector coordinating committee, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. 2425 June 2009. Asian Development Bank. http://www.adb.org/Documents/Events/2009/8th-meeting-CAREC-TSCC/Session1-Progress-Report-MON-Roads.pdf.

  21. Pérez, F.L. 1991. Particle sorting due to off-road vehicle traffic in a high andean paramo. CATENA 18: 239–254.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Rickard, C.A., A. Mclachlan, and G.I.H. Kerley. 1994. The effects of vehicular and pedestrian traffic on dune vegetation in South Africa. Ocean and Coastal Management 23: 225–247.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Roedenbeck, I.A., L. Fahrig, C.S. Findlay, J.E. Houlahan, J.A.G. Jaeger, N. Klar, S. Kramer-Schadt, and E.A. van der Grift. 2007. The Rauischholzhausen agenda for road ecology. Ecology and Society 12: 11.

  24. Sanderson, E.W., M. Jaiteh, M.A. Levy, K.H. Redford, A.V. Wannebo, and G. Woolmer. 2002. The human footprint and the last of the wild. BioScience 52: 891–904.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Trivedi, B.P. 2003. Mongolia highway will threaten gazelles, Critics Say. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/03/0320_030320_tvgazelles.html. Accessed 20 April 2011.

  26. Van Gils, H.A.M.J., and A.V.L.A. Ugon. 2006. What drives conversion of tropical forest in Carrasco Province, Bolivia? AMBIO 35: 81–85.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge the valuable contributions of Ben Wielstra, Eric Smaling, Roel Slootweg, Tony Whitten, Claudia Heinze, Andre Kooiman, and D. Narantuya for reviewing and commenting on this paper.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. S. Keshkamat.

Additional information

This synopsis was not peer reviewed.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Keshkamat, S.S., Tsendbazar, NE., Zuidgeest, M.H.P. et al. The Environmental Impact of not Having Paved Roads in Arid Regions: An Example from Mongolia. AMBIO 41, 202–205 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-011-0155-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Land Degradation
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Satellite Imagery
  • Pave Road
  • Strategic Environmental Assessment