Fighting Corruption to Save the Environment: Cameroon’s Experience
The despair of losing battle against corruption in sub-Saharan Africa has recently made the headline of the International Herald Tribune (Dugger 2009). Such interest in the fight against corruption in tropical developing countries is based on the following socio-economic rationale: a reduction in accountability and transparency will enhance poverty and hinder economic and social developments in these poor countries (Kaufmann 1997). However, what lesser known is that corruption has also a negative impact on both a country’s environmental protection and conservation efforts.
A global index which measured the countries’ environmental performance (EPI) showed that the more corrupt a country is perceived to be, the poorer its environmental performance (Esty et al. 2008). The index uses 25 indicators such as water stress, conservation risk, forestry growing stock, intensive cropland and greenhouse gasses emissions per capita. It also takes into account the environmental burden of disease,...
KeywordsSocial Capital Environmental Performance Corruption Perception Index Corrupt Practice Illegal Hunter
This research is supported by Marie Curie EST Fellowship awarded to KSHP. We also thank all the supporters of the Last Great Ape Organization, Cameroon.
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