, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 85–90 | Cite as

Climate Change and Peak Oil: The Urgent Need for a Transition to a Non-Carbon-Emitting Society

  • Josep Peñuelas
  • Jofre Carnicer

The strong environmental effects of greenhouse gas emissions derived from oil use and the negative socioeconomic consequences of future oil scarcity make it urgent that we shift to alternative affordable energy sources. Here we briefly overview the multiple economic, technological, and political pathways that should be implemented immediately to achieve this global energetic transition. We discuss how states could empower their national strategies to improve the efficiency in energy generation, transmission, and consumption and thus progressively reduce carbon emissions. At the international level, we suggest that governments should strongly promote multilateral and bilateral cooperative agreements on energy and climate policies. In addition, we suggest that states should promote the creation of a United Nations international program to facilitate and coordinate a worldwide ordered and nontraumatic transition to low-carbon and energy-efficient economies. Finally, we advocate for a...


Carbon Taxis International Energy Agency Renewable Electricity Current Financial Crisis Geological Carbon Sequestration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Many thanks to Sergi Armengol, Salvador Pueyo, Miguel Muñiz, and Aglaia and Daniel Gómez for useful suggestions. This research is funded by grants from the Spanish Government (CGL2006-04025/BOS and Consolider project Montes CSD2008-00040), the Catalan Government (SGR 2009-458), and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (PIF08-006-3).


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Global Ecology Unit CSIC-CEAB-CREAF, CREAF, Edifici CUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterraSpain

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