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Power density measurements to optimize AC plasma jet operation in blood coagulation

  • Kamal M. Ahmed
  • Shaimaa M. Eldeighdye
  • Tarek M. Allam
  • Walaa F. Hassanin
Scientific Paper

Abstract

In this paper, the plasma power density and corresponding plasma dose of a low-cost air non-thermal plasma jet (ANPJ) device are estimated at different axial distances from the nozzle. This estimation is achieved by measuring the voltage and current at the substrate using diagnostic techniques that can be easily made in laboratory; thin wire and dielectric probe, respectively. This device uses a compressed air as input gas instead of the relatively-expensive, large-sized and heavy weighed tanks of Ar or He gases. The calculated plasma dose is found to be very low and allows the presented device to be used in biomedical applications (especially blood coagulation). While plasma active species and charged-particles are found to be the most effective on blood coagulation formation, both air flow and UV, individually, do not have any effect. Moreover, optimal conditions for accelerating blood coagulation are studied. Results showed that, the power density at the substrate is shown to be decreased with increasing the distance from the nozzle. In addition, both distances from nozzle and air flow rate play an important role in accelerating blood coagulation process. Finally, this device is efficient, small-sized, safe enough, of low cost and, hence, has its chances to be wide spread as a first aid and in ambulance.

Keywords

ANPJ Power density Plasma dose Coagulation time Plasma treatment 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plasma and Nuclear Fusion Department, Nuclear Research Center (NRC)Atomic Energy Authority (AEA)CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Biological Applications Department, NRCAEACairoEgypt

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