The Nucleus

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Male meiosis in 18 species of 07 genera of the tribe Astereae (Asteraceae) from Western Himalaya

  • Raghbir Chand Gupta
  • Henna Goyal
  • Vijay Singh
  • Rajesh Kumar Goel
Original Article
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Abstract

Meiotic studies in 18 species belonging to 7 genera of the tribe Astereae from various localities of Western Himalaya have been analyzed. The chromosome number has been reported for the first time in Aster albescens (n = 9) and A. indamellus (n = 9). Further, intraspecific variability has been reported for the first time in A. thomsonii (n = 27), Bellis perennis (n = 5) and Myriactis nepalensis (n = 18). In India, the chromosome numbers are reported for first time in Aster himalaicus (n = 9), Brachyactis roylei (n = 9), Erigeron bellidioides (n = 9) and E. borealis (n = 9). B-chromosomes have been reported for the first time in Erigeron acer (n = 9 + 1 − 2B). Besides, most of the populations show laggards, chromosome stickiness and cytomixis from early prophase to telophase-II, leading to the formation of aneuploid cells or meiocytes with doubled chromosome number. Such meiotic abnormalities produce unreduced pollen grains and adversely affect pollen viability.

Keywords

Astereae Aster Bellis Brachyactis Conyza Erigeron Myriactis Psychrogeton Chromosomal studies Meiotic abnormalities Western Himalaya 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the University Grants Commission and Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi for financial assistance received under (DRS SAP III), UGC-BSR Fellowship scheme (Award Letter No. 6007/04/04/2013), and IPLS-DBT (Reference number: BT/PR 548/INF/22/146/2012) to conduct the above research. The authors are also thankful to the Head, Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala for providing necessary lab facilities during the work. Thanks are also due to Late Sh. Kishan Lal, who assisted the authors with his intense field knowledge during the sample collection tours.

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Copyright information

© Archana Sharma Foundation of Calcutta 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyPunjabi UniversityPatialaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug ResearchPunjabi UniversityPatialaIndia

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