The Nucleus

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 75–81 | Cite as

Cytogenetic characterization of three species of Antilochus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pyrrhocoridae)

Original Article
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Abstract

The study provides comparative account of karyological details of three species of Antilochus viz., A. lineatipes (Stål, 1858), A. russus Stål, 1863 and A. coquebertii (Fabricius, 1803) collected from northern parts of India using differential banding techniques. The chromosome complement of A. lineatipes is described for the first time. In A. lineatipes, thick and broad C bands are observed at terminal and interstitial regions of autosomes while in A. russus and A. coquebertii, thin C bands are observed only at termini of autosomes. X chromosome shows two terminal C bands in A. russus and one terminal and one interstitial in A. coquebertii. In A. lineatipes, X2 is intensely C positive. All the bands appear bright with both DAPI and CMA3. With silver staining, ten autosomes are intensely stained while three show very thin silver positive impregnations in both A. russus and A. coquebertii. DAPI/CMA3 bright heterochromatic bands on X overlap with silver bands. A comparative analysis of banding patterns in three species has yielded species-specific features which can be used as cytogenetic markers to differentiate these three congeneric species.

Keywords

Antilochus Constitutive heterochromatin NORs Fluorescent banding Cytological markers Karyotype evolution 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The UGC-BSR fellowship (No. 5855) is thankfully acknowledged by one of the author.

Author contributions

Practical Work has been done by Kalchana Gaba under the supervision of Prof. (Dr.) Harbhajan Kaur. Data analysis has been done by both the authors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Archana Sharma Foundation of Calcutta 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Environmental SciencesPunjabi UniversityPatialaIndia

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