Effects of Epidural Labour Analgesia in Mother and Foetus
Aim of study was to determine effect of epidural analgesia on progress of labour and mode of delivery, to find out its complications in labour and puerperium and to evaluate neonatal outcome in terms of APGAR score.
The present study was conducted in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Government Medical College Aurangabad over period of 2 years from June 2014 to June 2016 after taking approval from institutional ethical board. Hundred low-risk primigravidas were included in the study, 50 women received epidural analgesia for relief of labour pain at 3–4 cm and 50 women served as control. The important outcome FACTORS studied were the following : (1) duration of active phase of I stage, and II stage, (2) mode of delivery, (3) APGAR scores, (4) untoward reactions and intrapartum complications, (5) overall satisfaction of the mother.
The operative delivery rates were not significantly different in both the groups (8% in the control group and 6% in the study group: p value NS, i.e. > 0.05). The duration of first stage (our study showed no significant difference in the duration of first stage in both the study and control groups p value > 0.05) and second stage of labour (p value NS > 0.05) and the need for oxytocin were comparable in the two groups. The side effects observed were minimal. It has given excellent pain relief and improved neonatal outcome (5 min). EA is associated with rates of vaginal delivery (88 v/s 84%) and LSCS rate (8 v/s 6%) which are comparable with control group.
Epidural analgesia is a very promising, safe and effective method of pain relief. No major complications and a good APGAR score make it a good option of care in modern obstetrics.
KeywordsEpidural analgesia Patient satisfaction Operative delivery Labour duration
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interests
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The authors state that approval for the study protocol was taken from the ethical comitee of Government Medical College, Aurangabad. No regulations or policies of the journal are violated.
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