Annals of Microbiology

, Volume 68, Issue 4, pp 175–184 | Cite as

Pathogenicity and genomic characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain PB1937 causing shrimp acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in China

  • Songzhe Fu
  • Liping Wang
  • Huiqin Tian
  • Dawei Wei
  • Ying Liu
Original Article


Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) outbreaks in cultured shrimps were identified in Zhangpu, China. One Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain PB1937 was isolated from the cultured shrimps and was confirmed as a causative agent of the AHPND outbreak by employing Koch’s four postulates. Challenge tests with 106 cells ml−1 of strain PB1937 caused 100% mortality of shrimps, indicating it had sufficient virulence to cause the outbreak. Phylogenomic analysis revealed a clear divergence between PB1937 and 14 publicly available V. parahaemolyticus strains and divided 11 AHPND-causing strains into six genomic clusters. Prophage profiling of above strains revealed strong correlations with their genomic relationship, while Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) were almost absent in the genomes. The binary toxin gene pirABvp directly related to the development of AHPND was found in a 70-kb plasmid p1937-1 in PB1937 but was absent in a 78-kb novel plasmid p1937-2, which shared 46% sequence similarity with p1937-1. Comparative genomic analysis revealed that PB1937 has a novel truncated type VI secretion system (T6SS1) which possibly affects its antibacterial activity. In addition, three novel genomic islands were reported. The analysis of the genomes gave some clues regarding the correlation of virulence with its genomic trait for the AHPND strains.


Vibrio parahaemolyticus AHPND PacBio pirABvp Prophage Type VI secretion system 



This research is funded by the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0701700) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31672673, 31472312)

Supplementary material

13213_2018_1328_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1242 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature and the University of Milan 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Marine Technology and EnvironmentDalian Ocean UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Genetic Resources, Third Institute of OceanographyState Oceanography Administration of ChinaXiamenChina
  3. 3.Institute of OceanologyThe Chinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  4. 4.College of Life ScienceNorthwest Agriculture and Forestry UniversityYanglingChina

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