MADS box genes are class of transcription factors involved in various physiological and developmental processes in plants. To understand their role in floral transition-related pathways, a genome-wide identification was done in Cajanus cajan, identifying 102 members which were classified into two different groups based on their gene structure. The status of all these genes was further analyzed in three wild species i.e. C. scarabaeoides, C. platycarpus and C. cajanifolius which revealed absence of 31–34 MADS box genes in them hinting towards their role in domestication and evolution. We could locate only a single copy of both FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) and SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) genes, while three paralogs of SUPPRESSOR OF ACTIVATION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) were found in C. cajan genome. One of those SOC1 paralogs i.e. CcMADS1.5 was found to be missing in all three wild relatives, also forming separate clade in phylogeny. This SOC1 gene was also lacking the characteristic MADS box domain in it. Expression profiling of major MADS box genes involved in flowering was done in different tissues viz shoot apical meristem, vegetative leaf, reproductive meristem, and reproductive bud. Gene-based time tree of FLC and SOC1 gene dictates their divergence from Arabidopsis before 71 and 23 million year ago (mya), respectively. This study provides valuable insights into the functional characteristics, expression pattern, and evolution of MADS box proteins in grain legumes with emphasis on C. cajan, which may help in further characterizing these genes.
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We acknowledge the support provided by Director, ICAR-NIPB and ICAR-IARI (NAHEP-CAAST) for this work.
No funding was received for the current research.
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This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
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Kumar, K., Srivastava, H., Das, A. et al. Identification and characterization of MADS box gene family in pigeonpea for their role during floral transition. 3 Biotech 11, 108 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-020-02605-7
- MADS box
- Flower induction