3 Biotech

, 8:139 | Cite as

Simple isolation and characterization of seminal plasma extracellular vesicle and its total RNA in an academic lab

  • Nalini Eswaran
  • Vickram Agaram Sundaram
  • Kamini Arvind Rao
  • Sridharan Thalaivarisai Balasundaram
Short Reports


Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small membrane-bound sacs, identified in many body fluids of humans. Standard extracellular vesicle separation methods such as differential and ultracentrifugation are very expensive, not affordable in academic labs. So, the current research tried to isolate seminal plasma EVs using polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation process. Normospermia semen from “Milann - The Fertility Center” processed to isolate EVs by PEG method. Nanodrop spectrophotometer showed presence of EVs by indirectly measuring protein content of precipitated EVs. EVs isolated by PEG precipitation showed a wide size range from 30 to 1000 nm with Z average of 75.4 nm and a PI of 0.464, whereas ultracentrifuge sample showed size range of 60–1000 nm with Z average of 501.3 nm with a PI of 0.692. Edax analysis also showed good elemental pattern. Total RNA extraction from PEG EVs analysed with nanodrop spectrophotometer, showed presence of RNA content in varying concentrations obtained from different ratios in nanograms. Thus, the current study concludes that seminal plasma EVs isolated by PEG precipitation is simple, reproducible and non-sensitive to carry out at academic labs.


Normospermia Polyethylene glycol method Infertility Motility of sperm Scanning electron microscope 



Authors are thankful to the management of VIT University and Milann - The Fertility Center, for providing the best infrastructure to work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

13205_2018_1157_MOESM1_ESM.doc (162 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 162 kb)
13205_2018_1157_MOESM2_ESM.docx (27 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 26 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nalini Eswaran
    • 1
  • Vickram Agaram Sundaram
    • 2
  • Kamini Arvind Rao
    • 3
  • Sridharan Thalaivarisai Balasundaram
    • 1
  1. 1.School of BioSciences and TechnologyVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.DST-SERB, Govt. of India, School of BioSciences and TechnologyVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  3. 3.Milann - The Fertility CenterBangaloreIndia

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