Non-Darcy simulation of permeable domain filled with hybrid nanomaterial

Abstract

In the current modeling, a chamber with one wavy cold wall was analyzed considering the permeable zone. A titled straight wall was heated and considered as a heating element and provides a gravity effect. Hybrid nanoparticles that involve Lorentz were included in the model, and to eliminate the gradient of P from equations, a vorticity formula was implemented. Outputs reveal that no change was reported for Nu with the rise of permeability in the existence of Ha equals 60 while it augments slightly with increasing Da in the absence of Lorentz. A stronger cell will be generated using greater Da while imposing Ha leads to reduction in the power of the cell by about 83%. With a reduction of the gradient of temperature, Nu decreases as Ha augments. As Lorentz forces were imposed, about 25% decrement was achieved for Nu.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. Wang G, Yao Y, Chen Z, Hu P (2019a) Thermodynamic and optical analyses of a hybrid solar CPV/T system with high solar concentrating uniformity based on spectral beam splitting technology. Energy 166:256–266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.089

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Zhao H, Li Y, Song Q, Liu S, Yan J, Wang X, Shu X (2019a) Investigation on the physicochemical structure and gasification reactivity of nascent pyrolysis and gasification char prepared in the entrained flow reactor. Fuel 240:126–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.11.145

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Zhang Y, Huang P (2019) Influence of mine shallow roadway on airflow temperature. Arab J Geosci. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-019-4934-7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Zhao H, Li Y, Song Q, Liu S, Ma Q, Ma L, Shu X (2019b) Catalytic reforming of volatiles from co-pyrolysis of lignite blended with corn straw over three different structures of iron ores. J Anal Appl Pyrol 144:104714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2019.104714

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Liu Y, Yang C, Sun Q, Wu S, Lin S, Chou Y (2019a) Enhanced embedding capacity for the SMSD-based data-hiding method. Signal Process 78:216–222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.image.2019.07.013

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Zhang W (2020) Parameter adjustment strategy and experimental development of hydraulic system for wave energy power generation. Symmetry (Basel) 12(5):711. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym12050711

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Deng Y, Zhang T, Clark J, Aminabhavi T, Kruse A, Tsang DCW, Ren H (2020) Mechanisms and modelling of phosphorus solid–liquid transformation during the hydrothermal processing of swine manure. Green Chem. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0GC01281E

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Yu H, Dai W, Qian G, Gong X, Zhou D, Li X, Zhou X (2020a) The NOx degradation performance of nano-TiO2 coating for asphalt pavement. Nanomaterials (Basel, Switzerland) 10(5):897. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10050897

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Guo C, Hu M, Li Z, Duan F, He L, Zhang Z, Du M (2020a) Structural hybridization of bimetallic zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) nanosheets and carbon nanofibers for efficiently sensing α-synuclein oligomers. Sensors Actuators B 309:127821. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2020.127821

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Liu C, Huang X, Wu Y, Deng X, Liu J, Zheng Z, Hui D (2020a) Review on the research progress of cement-based and geopolymer materials modified by graphene and graphene oxide. Nanotechnol Rev (Berlin) 9(1):155–169. https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2020-0014

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Yan H, Xue X, Chen W, Wu X, Dong J, Liu Y, Wang Z (2020) Reversible Na+ insertion/extraction in conductive polypyrrole-decorated NaTi2(PO4)3 nanocomposite with outstanding electrochemical property. Appl Surf Sci 530:147295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.147295

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Sheikholeslami M (2021) Seyyed Ali Farshad, Ahmad Shafee, Houman Babazadeh, performance of solar collector with turbulator involving nanomaterial turbulent regime. Renew Energy 163:1222–1237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Cai C, Wu X, Liu W, Zhu W, Chen H, Qiu JCD, Shi Y (2020) Selective laser melting of near-α titanium alloy Ti-6Al-2Zr-1Mo-1V: parameter optimization, heat treatment and mechanical performance. J Mater Sci Technol 57:51–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmst.2020.05.004

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Lin J, Hu J, Wang W, Liu K, Zhou C, Liu Z, Guo Z (2020a) Thermo and light-responsive strategies of smart titanium-containing composite material surface for enhancing bacterially anti-adhesive property. Chemical Eng J. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.125783

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Hu J, Lin J, Zhang Y, Lin Z, Qiao Z, Liu Z, Guo Z (2019a) A new anti-biofilm strategy of enabling arbitrary surfaces of materials and devices with robust bacterial anti-adhesion via a spraying modified microsphere method. J Mater Chem A 7(45):26039–26052. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9ta07236e

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Hu X, Ma P, Wang J, Tan G (2020) A hybrid cascaded DC-DC boost converter with ripple reduction and large conversion ratio. IEEE J Emerg Selected Topics Power Electron 8(1):761–770. https://doi.org/10.1109/JESTPE.2019.2895673

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Guo H, Li X, Zhu Q, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Li Z, Liu J (2020b) Imaging nano-defects of metal waveguides using the microwave cavity interference enhancement method. Nanotechnology 31(45):455203. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/abaa74

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Liu J, Wang C, Sun H, Wang H, Rong F, He L, Du M (2020b) CoOx/CoNy nanoparticles encapsulated carbon-nitride nanosheets as an efficiently trifunctional electrocatalyst for overall water splitting and Zn-air battery. Appl Catal B 279:119407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2020.119407

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Wang M, Guo Y, Wang B, Luo H, Zhang X, Wang Q, Dou S. (2020) An engineered self-supported electrocatalytic cathode and dendrite-free composite anode based on 3D double-carbon hosts for advanced Li–SeS2 batteries. J Mater Chem A 8(6):2969–2983. https://doi.org/10.1039/C9TA11124G

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Feng Q, Li Y, Wang N, Hao Y, Chang J, Wang Z, Wang L (2020) A biomimetic nanogenerator of reactive nitrogen species based on battlefield transfer strategy for enhanced immunotherapy. Small. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.202002138

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Bao J, Li S, Zhang P, Ding X, Xue S, Cui Y, Zhao T (2020) Influence of the incorporation of recycled coarse aggregate on water absorption and chloride penetration into concrete. Constr Build Mater 239:117845. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117845

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Lin J, Cai X, Liu Z, Liu N, Xie M, Zhou B, Guo Z (2020b) Anti-liquid-interfering and bacterially antiadhesive strategy for highly stretchable and ultrasensitive strain sensors based on Cassie-Baxter Wetting State. Adv Func Mater 30(23):2000398. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202000398

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Yu X, Zhang J, Zhang J, Niu J, Zhao J, Wei Y, Yao B (2019) Photocatalytic degradation of ciprofloxacin using Zn-doped Cu2O particles: Analysis of degradation pathways and intermediates. Chemical Eng J 374:316–327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.05.177

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Liao Q, Wei W, Zuo H, Li X, Yang Z, Xiao S, Wu G (2020) Interfacial bonding enhancement and properties improvement of carbon/copper composites based on nickel doping. Compos Interfaces. https://doi.org/10.1080/09276440.2020.1798681

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Liu Y, Zhang Q, Xu M, Yuan H, Chen Y, Zhang You JB (2019b) Novel and efficient synthesis of Ag-ZnO nanoparticles for the sunlight-induced photocatalytic degradation. Appl Surf Sci 476:632–640. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2019.01.137

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Shi M, Narayanasamy M, Yang C, Zhao L, Jiang J, Angaiah S, Yan C (2020) 3D interpenetrating assembly of partially oxidized MXene confined Mn–Fe bimetallic oxide for superior energy storage in ionic liquid. Electrochim Acta 334:135546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2019.135546

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Zhu W, Zhang Z, Chen D, Chai W, Chen D, Zhang J, Hao Y (2020a) Interfacial voids trigger carbon-based, all-inorganic CsPbIBr 2 perovskite solar cells with photovoltage exceeding 133 V. Nano-micro letters 12(1):1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40820-020-00425-1

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Gao N, Cheng B, Hou H, Zhang R (2018) Mesophase pitch based carbon foams as sound absorbers. Mater Lett 212:243–246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2017.10.074

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Song Q, Zhao H, Jia J, Yang L, Lv W, GuShu QX (2020a) Effects of demineralization on the surface morphology, microcrystalline and thermal transformation characteristics of coal. J Anal Appl Pyrol 145:104716. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2019.104716

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Sheikholeslami M, Jafaryar M, Said Z, Ammar I (2021) Alsabery, Houman Babazadeh, Ahmad Shafee, Modification for helical turbulator to augment heat transfer behavior of nanomaterial via numerical approach. Appl Thermal Eng 182(5):115935

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Chen H, Fan D, Huang J, Huang W, Zhang G, Huang L (2020a) Finite element analysis model on ultrasonic phased array technique for material defect time of flight diffraction detection. Sci Adv Mater 12(5):665–675. https://doi.org/10.1166/sam.2020.3689

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Reddy PS, Rao KVS (2015) MHD natural convection heat and mass transfer of Al2O3-water and Ag-water nanofluids over a vertical cone with chemical reaction. Proced Eng 127:476–484

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Luo X, Hu H, Pan Z, Pei F, Qian H, Miao K, Feng G (2020a) Efficient and stable catalysis of hollow Cu9S5 nanospheres in the Fenton-like degradation of organic dyes. J Hazard Mater 396:122735. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122735

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Wang W, Guo J, Long C, Li W, Guan J (2015) Flaky carbonyl iron particles with both small grain size and low internal strain for broadband microwave absorption. J Alloy Compd 637:106–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.02.220

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Yu H, He Z, Qian G, Gong X, Qu X (2020b) Research on the anti-icing properties of silicone modified polyurea coatings (SMPC) for asphalt pavement. Constr Build Mater 242:117793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117793

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Yu H, Zhu X, Qian G, Gong X, Nie X (2020c) Evaluation of phosphorus slag (PS) content and particle size on the performance modification effect of asphalt. Constr Build Mater 256:119334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119334

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Liu Q, Song Z, Han H, Donkor S, Jiang L, Wang W, Chu H (2020c) A novel green reinforcement corrosion inhibitor extracted from waste Platanus acerifolia leaves. Constr Build Mater 260:119695. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119695

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Zhong P, Lin H, Wang L, Mo Z, Meng X, Tang H, Pan Y (2020) Electrochemically enabled synthesis of sulfide imidazopyridines via a radical cyclization cascade. Green Chem. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0GC02125C

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Zhang Y, Zhang X, Li M, Liu Z (2019) Research on heat transfer enhancement and flow characteristic of heat exchange surface in cosine style runner. Heat Mass Transf 55(11):3117–3131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00231-019-02647-5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Ni T, Liu D, Xu Q, Huang Z, Liang H, Yan A (2020) Architecture of Cobweb-based redundant TSV for clustered faults. IEEE Trans Very Large Scale Integr Syst 28(7):1736–1739. https://doi.org/10.1109/TVLSI.2020.2995094

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Song Q, Zhao H, Jia J, Yang L, Lv W, BaoZhang WP (2020b) Pyrolysis of municipal solid waste with iron-based additives: a study on the kinetic, product distribution and catalytic mechanisms. J Clean Prod 258:120682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120682

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Su F, Jia Q, Li Z, Wang M, He L, Peng D, Fang S (2019a) Aptamer-templated silver nanoclusters embedded in zirconium metal–organic framework for targeted antitumor drug delivery. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 275:152–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micromeso.2018.08.026

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Wang M, Hu M, Liu J, Guo C, Peng D, Jia Q, Du M (2019b) Covalent organic framework-based electrochemical aptasensors for the ultrasensitive detection of antibiotics. Biosens Bioelectron 132:8–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2019.02.040

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Duan F, Hu M, Guo C, Song Y, Wang M, HeHe LL (2020) Chromium-based metal-organic framework embedded with cobalt phthalocyanine for the sensitively impedimetric cytosensing of colorectal cancer (CT26) cells and cell imaging. Chem Eng J 398:125452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.125452

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Kuznetsov AV, Nield DA (2010) Natural convective boundary-layer flow of a nanofluid past a vertical plate. Int J Therm Sci 49(2):243–247

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Chamkha AJ, Rashad AM, Aly AM (2013) Transient natural convection flow of a nanofluid over a vertical cylinder. Meccanica 48(1):71–81

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. Meng X, Zhang X, Li Q (2016) Numerical investigation of nanofluid natural convection coupling with nanoparticles sedimentation. Appl Therm Eng 95:411–420

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  48. He L, Liu J, Liu Y, Cui B, Hu B, Wang M, Du M (2019) Titanium dioxide encapsulated carbon-nitride nanosheets derived from MXene and melamine-cyanuric acid composite as a multifunctional electrocatalyst for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reaction and oxygen reduction reaction. Appl Catal B 248:366–379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.02.033

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  49. Jia Q, Li Z, Guo C, Huang X, Kang M, Song Y, Du M. (2020) PEGMA-modified bimetallic NiCo Prussian blue analogue doped with Tb(III) ions: efficiently pH-responsive and controlled release system for anticancer drug. Chem Eng J 389:124468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.124468

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  50. Zhao X, Zhao X, Yu Q, Ye Y, Yu M (2020a) Development of a representative urban driving cycle construction methodology for electric vehicles: a case study in Xi’an. Transport Res D 81:102279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102279

    Article  Google Scholar 

  51. Hu X, Chong H, Wang X (2019b) Sustainability perceptions of off-site manufacturing stakeholders in Australia. J Cleaner Prod 227:346–354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.258

    Article  Google Scholar 

  52. Zhu J, Wu P, Chen M, Kim MJ, Wang X, Fang T (2020b) Automatically processing IFC clipping representation for BIM and GIS integration at the process level. Appl Sci 10(6):2009. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10062009

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  53. Wu C, Wang X, Chen M, Kim MJ (2019) Differential received signal strength based RFID positioning for construction equipment tracking. Adv Eng Inform 42:100960. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aei.2019.100960

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. Xie J, Wen D, Liang L, Jia Y, GaoLei LJ (2018) Evaluating the validity of current mainstream wearable devices in fitness tracking under various physical activities: comparative study. JMIR mHealth uHealth 6(4):e94. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.9754

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Wu X, Huang B, Wang Q, Wang Y (2020) High energy density of two-dimensional MXene/NiCo-LDHs interstratification assembly electrode: understanding the role of interlayer ions and hydration. Chem Eng J 380:122456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.122456

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  56. Lv X, Li CS, McCabe S (2020a) Expanding theory of tourists’ destination loyalty: the role of sensory impressions. Tourism Manage 77:104026. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2019.104026

    Article  Google Scholar 

  57. Zhu J, Wang X, Wang P, Wu Z, Kim MJ (2019a) Integration of BIM and GIS: geometry from IFC to shapefile using open-source technology. Automat Construct 102:105–119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2019.02.014

    Article  Google Scholar 

  58. Zhao X, Ye Y, Ma J, Shi P, Chen H (2020b) Construction of electric vehicle driving cycle for studying electric vehicle energy consumption and equivalent emissions. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09094-4

    Article  Google Scholar 

  59. Sheikholeslami M (2017) Magnetic field influence on nanofluid thermal radiation in a cavity with tilted elliptic inner cylinder. J Mol Liq 229:137–147

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  60. Wen D, Ding Y (2005) Formulation of nanofluids for natural convective heat transfer applications. Int J Heat Fluid Flow 26(6):855–864

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  61. Sivaraj C, Sheremet MA (2017) MHD natural convection in an inclined square porous cavity with a heat conducting solid block. J Magn Magn Mater 426:351–360

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  62. Wang M et al (2019) Bimetallic cerium and ferric oxides nanoparticles embedded within mesoporous carbon matrix: electrochemical immunosensor for sensitive detection of carbohydrate antigen 19–9. Biosens Bioelectron 135:22–29

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  63. Guo H, Qian K, Cai A, Tang J, Liu J (2019) Ordered gold nanoparticle arrays on the tip of silver wrinkled structures for single molecule detection. Sensors Actuators B 300:126846. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2019.126846

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  64. Xu W, Qu S, Zhao L, Zhang H (2020) An improved adaptive sliding mode observer for a middle and high-speed rotors tracking. IEEE Trans Power Electron. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2020.3000785

    Article  Google Scholar 

  65. Wang Y et al (2020) Design strategy of barium titanate/polyvinylidene fluoride-based nanocomposite films for high energy storage. J Mater Chem A 8(3):884–917

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  66. Qu S, Zhao L, Xiong Z (2020) Cross-layer congestion control of wireless sensor networks based on fuzzy sliding mode control. Neural Comput Appl. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-020-04758-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  67. Song K, Zhu W, Li X, Yu Z (2020c) A novel mechanical robust, self-healing and shape memory hydrogel based on PVA reinforced by cellulose nanocrystal. Mater Lett 260:126884. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2019.126884

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  68. Han X, Zhang D, Yan J, Zhao S, Liu J (2020) Process development of flue gas desulphurization wastewater treatment in coal-fired power plants towards zero liquid discharge: energetic, economic and environmental analyses. J Clean Prod 261:121144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121144

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  69. Wang M et al (2018a) Bimetallic NiFe oxide structures derived from hollow NiFe Prussian blue nanobox for label-free electrochemical biosensing adenosine triphosphate. Biosens Bioelectron 113:16–24

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  70. Luo X, Guo J, Chang P, Qian H, Pei F, Wang W, Feng G (2020b) ZSM-5@MCM-41 composite porous materials with a core-shell structure: adjustment of mesoporous orientation basing on interfacial electrostatic interactions and their application in selective aromatics transport. Sep Purif Technol 239:116516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2020.116516

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  71. Wen D, Zhang X, Liu X, Lei J (2017) Evaluating the consistency of current mainstream wearable devices in health monitoring: a comparison under free-living conditions. J Med Internet Res 19(3):e68. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.6874

    Article  Google Scholar 

  72. Yang Y, Liu J, Yao J, Kou J, Li Z, Wu T, Sun H (2020a) Adsorption behaviors of shale oil in kerogen slit by molecular simulation. Chem Eng J 387:124054. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2020.124054

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  73. Choudhary R, Subudhi S (2016) Aspect ratio dependence of turbulent natural convection in Al2O3/water nanofluids. Appl Therm Eng 108:1095–1104

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  74. Lin KC, Violi A (2010) Natural convection heat transfer of nanofluids in a vertical cavity: effects of non-uniform particle diameter and temperature on thermal conductivity. Int J Heat Fluid Flow 31(2):236–245

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  75. Song Q, Zhao H, Chang S, Yang L, Zou F, ShuZhang XP (2020d) Study on the catalytic pyrolysis of coal volatiles over hematite for the production of light tar. J Anal Appl Pyrol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2020.104927

    Article  Google Scholar 

  76. Han X, Chen N, Yan J, Liu J, Liu M, Karellas S (2019) Thermodynamic analysis and life cycle assessment of supercritical pulverized coal-fired power plant integrated with No.0 feedwater pre-heater under partial loads. J Clean Prod 233:1106–1122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.06.159

    Article  Google Scholar 

  77. Lv X, Li H., Xia L (2020) Effects of haptic cues on consumers' online hotel booking decisions: the mediating role of mental imagery. Tourism management (1982), 77:104025. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2019.104025

  78. Su Z, Liu E, Xu Y, Xie P, Shang C, Zhu Q (2019) Flow field and noise characteristics of manifold in natural gas transportation station. Oil & Gas Science and Technology – Revue d’IFP Energies Nouvelles 74:70. https://doi.org/10.2516/ogst/2019038

  79. Chen H, Chen A, Xu L, Xie H, Qiao H, LinCai QK (2020) A deep learning CNN architecture applied in smart near-infrared analysis of water pollution for agricultural irrigation resources. Agric Water Manag 240:106303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106303

    Article  Google Scholar 

  80. Haddad Z, Abu-Nada E, Oztop HF, Mataoui A (2012) Natural convection in nanofluids: are the thermophoresis and Brownian motion effects significant in nanofluid heat transfer enhancement? Int J Therm Sci 57:152–162

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  81. Job VM, Gunakala SR (2016) Unsteady MHD free convection nanofluid flows within a wavy trapezoidal enclosure with viscous and Joule dissipation effects. Numerical Heat Transfer A 69(4):421–443

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  82. Lv X, Li N, Xu X, Yang Y (2020) Understanding the emergence and development of online travel agencies: a dynamic evaluation and simulation approach. Internet Res. https://doi.org/10.1108/INTR-11-2019-0464

  83. Yang W, Pudasainee D, Gupta R, Li W, Wang B, Sun L (2020) An overview of inorganic particulate matter emission from coal/biomass/MSW combustion: Sampling and measurement, formation, distribution, inorganic composition and influencing factors. Fuel Process Technol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2020.106657

    Article  Google Scholar 

  84. Liu Y, Hu B, Wu S, Wang M, Zhang Z, Cui B, Du M. (2019) Hierarchical nanocomposite electrocatalyst of bimetallic zeolitic imidazolate framework and MoS2 sheets for non-Pt methanol oxidation and water splitting. Appl Catal B 258:117970. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.117970

  85. Wang X et al (2018) Hierarchical coral-like NiMoS nanohybrids as highly efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall urea electrolysis. Nano Res 11(2):988–996

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  86. Zhu J, Wang X, Chen M, Wu P, Kim MJ (2019) Integration of BIM and GIS: IFC geometry transformation to shapefile using enhanced open-source approach. Automat Construct 106:102859. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2019.10285

    Article  Google Scholar 

  87. Jacob R, Basak T, Das SK (2012) Experimental and numerical study on microwave heating of nanofluids. Int J Therm Sci 59:45–57

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  88. Ahmad S, Sheikholeslami M, Jafaryar M, Houman B (2020) Irreversibility of hybrid nanoparticles within a pipe fitted with turbulator. J Therm Anal Calorim.

  89. Sheikholeslami M, Mehryan SAM, Shafee A, Sheremet MA (2019) Variable magnetic forces impact on Magnetizable hybrid nanofluid heat transfer through a circular cavity. J Mol Liquids 277:388–396

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  90. Mohsen Sheikholeslami, Application of Control Volume based Finite Element Method (CVFEM) for Nanofluid Flow and Heat Transfer, Elsevier, (2019), ISBN: 9780128141526.

  91. Rudraiah N, Barron RM, Venkatachalappa M, Subbaraya CK (1995) Effect of a magnetic field on free convection in a rectangular enclosure. Int J Engrg Sci 33:1075–1084

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Adel Almarashi.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

Author (Adel Almarashi) declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Almarashi, A. Non-Darcy simulation of permeable domain filled with hybrid nanomaterial. Appl Nanosci (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-021-01718-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Hybrid nanomaterial
  • Convection
  • Permeability
  • Radiation
  • External forces