Characterization and properties of TiO2–SnO2 nanocomposites, obtained by hydrolysis method
The paper deals with the process of TiO2–SnO2 nanocomposites synthesis utilizing simple hydrolysis method with further calcination for photocatalytic applications. The obtained nanopowders contain 100, 90, 75, 65 and 25 wt% of TiO2. The synthesized nanocomposite samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction method, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and N2 adsorption–desorption method. The correlation between structure and morphology of the obtained nanocrystalline composite powders and their sorption and photocatalytic activity towards methylene blue degradation was established. It was found that the presence of SnO2 in the nanocomposites stabilizes the anatase phase of TiO2. Furthermore, sorption and photocatalytic properties of the obtained composites are significantly influenced not only by specific surface area, but also by pore size distribution and mesopore volume of the samples. In our opinion, the results obtained in this study have shown that the TiO2–SnO2 composites with SnO2 content that does not exceed 10% are promising for photocatalytic applications.
KeywordsNanocomposites TiO2–SnO2 Hydrolysis method Nanoparticles Sorption Photocatalysis
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On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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