Characterization and properties of TiO2–SnO2 nanocomposites, obtained by hydrolysis method

  • Anastasiya S. Kutuzova
  • Tetiana A. Dontsova
Original Article


The paper deals with the process of TiO2–SnO2 nanocomposites synthesis utilizing simple hydrolysis method with further calcination for photocatalytic applications. The obtained nanopowders contain 100, 90, 75, 65 and 25 wt% of TiO2. The synthesized nanocomposite samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction method, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and N2 adsorption–desorption method. The correlation between structure and morphology of the obtained nanocrystalline composite powders and their sorption and photocatalytic activity towards methylene blue degradation was established. It was found that the presence of SnO2 in the nanocomposites stabilizes the anatase phase of TiO2. Furthermore, sorption and photocatalytic properties of the obtained composites are significantly influenced not only by specific surface area, but also by pore size distribution and mesopore volume of the samples. In our opinion, the results obtained in this study have shown that the TiO2–SnO2 composites with SnO2 content that does not exceed 10% are promising for photocatalytic applications.


Nanocomposites TiO2–SnO2 Hydrolysis method Nanoparticles Sorption Photocatalysis 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


  1. Akurati KK, Vital A, Hany R, Bommer B, Graule T, Winterer M (2005) One-step flame synthesis of SnO2/TiO2 composite nanoparticles for photocatalytic applications. Int J Photoenergy 7:153–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. El-Sherbiny S, Morsy F, Samir M, Fouad OA (2014) Synthesis, characterization and application of TiO2 nanopowders as special paper coating pigment. Appl Nanosci 4:305–313. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Farbod M, Rezaian S (2012) An investigation of super-hydrophilic properties of TiO2/SnO2 nano composite thin films. Thin Solid Films 520:1954–1958. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gong J, Qiao H, Sigdel S, Elbohy H, Adhikari N, Zhou Z, Elbohy H (2015) Characteristics of SnO2 nanofiber/TiO2 nanoparticle composite for dye-sensitized solar cells. AIP Adv. Google Scholar
  5. Kusior A, Radecka M, Rekas M, Lubecka M, Zakrzewska K, Reszka A, Kowalski BJ (2012) Sensitization of gas sensing properties in TiO2/SnO2 nanocomposites. Proc Eng 47:1073–1076. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kutuzova A, Dontsova T (2017) Synthesis, characterization and properties of titanium dioxide obtained by hydrolytic method. In: Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE 7 th International Conference on nanomaterials : applications and properties. pp 286–290, ZatokaGoogle Scholar
  7. Liang J, Wang J, Zhou M, Li Y, Wang X, Yu K (2016) A graphene–SnO2–TiO2 ternary nanocomposite electrode as a high stability lithium-ion anode material. J Alloy Compd 673:144–148. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Marzec A, Zbigniew P (2016) Preparation of nanocrystalline composite TiO2–SnO2 powders using sol–gel method combined with hydrothermal treatment. Process Appl Ceram 10(4):249–256. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mohamed IMA, Dao V-D, Yasin AS, Choi H-S, Barakat NAM (2016) Synthesis of novel SnO2@TiO2 nanofibers as an efficient photoanode of dye-sensitized solar cells. Hydrog Energy. Google Scholar
  10. Moon WJ, Yu JH, Choi GM (2004) Selective gas detection of SnO2–TiO2 gas sensors. J Electroceram 13:707–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Nasirian S, Moghaddam HM (2015) Polyaniline assisted by TiO2: SnO2 nanoparticles as a hydrogen gas sensor at environmental conditions. Appl Surf Sci 328:395–404. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sha W, Ni S, Zheng C (2015) Chemical development of cataluminescence sensor system for benzene and toluene determination. Sens Actuators B Chem 209:297–305. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wang X, Sang Y, Wang D, Ji S, Liu H (2015) Enhanced gas sensing property of SnO2 nanoparticles by constructing the SnO2–TiO2 nanobelt heterostructure. J Alloy Compd 639:571–576. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Zakrzewska K, Radecka M (2017) TiO2-based nanomaterials for gas sensing—influence of anatase and rutile contributions. Nanoscale Res Lett. Google Scholar
  15. Zhang L, Yu W, Han C, Guo J, Zhang Q, Xie H (2017) Large scaled synthesis of heterostructured electrospun TiO2/SnO2 nanofibers with an enhanced photocatalytic activity. J Electrochem Soc 164(9):651–656. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Technology of Inorganic Substances, Water Purification and General Chemical TechnologyNational Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”KievUkraine

Personalised recommendations