FT-IR fingerprinting as an Analytical tool for determination of Melamine leaching from Melamine tablewares and their Biological implications


In recent years Melamine is upgraded as a type three carcinogen. It is a sorry fact that still; people are in the fantasy mode and abaft the melamine tableware as they are a good piece of decorative material which sets dining an opulent look. The present study focuses on the determination of melamine leaching from melamine tablewares. The food stimulants culled for this study are conventional Indian cuisines. FT-IR is used as an analytical tool to determine the leaching of melamine from melamine diners. The present study reveals melamine leaching when hot food articles are in contact with melamine wares. Microwave heating is unsuitable for melamine tablewares. This is the first report in India, on the leaching of melamine from melamine tablewares. Calf thymus (ct) DNA is added to the samples and the extent of DNA damage in vitro is analyzed by Comet assay (also called Single cell gel electrophoresis). The results from comet assay portray significant DNA damage with the treated samples. This is a vigilance study that helps the mundane man to avoid such decorative materials and to voluntarily move to our traditional dining culture.

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The authors sincerely acknowledge the Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore for providing facilities to carry out the research work. The consumables were procured under the DST-CURIE fund. The small financial assistance (Rs.3000/month) in the form of fellowship by GURUKADAKSHAM TRUST is gratefully acknowledged.

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Correspondence to Lalitha Pottail.

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Chithambharan, A., Pottail, L., Sharma, S.C. et al. FT-IR fingerprinting as an Analytical tool for determination of Melamine leaching from Melamine tablewares and their Biological implications. J Food Sci Technol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04599-9

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  • Comet assay
  • Food stimulants
  • FT-IR
  • Melamine
  • Melamine leaching