In order to examine bee pollen hydrolysates to assess their anticancer and antioxidant properties, hydrolysis of bee pollen was first performed using three different commercially available enzymes: Alcalase®, Neutrase®, and Flavourzyme®. The study used DPPH and ABTS assay to evaluate the antioxidant properties of the hydrolysates obtained from bee pollen. All of the tested hydrolysates demonstrated antioxidant activity, while hydrolysate based on Alcalase® offered a high value for IC50 and was therefore chosen for further separation into five sub-fractions via ultrafiltration. The greatest antioxidant activity was presented by the MW < 0.65 kDa fraction, which achieved an IC50 value of 0.39 ± 0.01 µg/mL in the DPPH assay and 1.52 ± 0.01 µg/mL for ABTS. Purification of the MW < 0.65 kDa fraction was completed using RP-HPLC, whereupon the three fractions from the original six which had the highest antioxidant activity underwent further examination through ESI-Q-TOF–MS/MS. These particular peptides had between 7 and 11 amino acid residues. In the case of the MW < 0.65 kDa fraction, testing was also carried out to determine the viability of lung cancer cell lines, represented by ChaGo-K1 cells. Analysis of the antiproliferative properties allowed in vitro assessment of the ChaGo-K1 cells’ viability following treatment using the MW < 0.65 kDa fraction. Flow-cytometry generated date which revealed that it was possible for the MW < 0.65 kDa fraction to induce apoptosis in the ChaGo-K1 cells in comparison to the results with cells which had not been treated.
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This study was completed with financial assistance from the Ratchadapisek Sompoch Fund for Postdoctoral Fellowship, Chulalongkorn University, the Annual Government Statement of Expenditure (GRB_BSS_79_57_61_11), and the Ratchadapisek Sompoch Endowment Fund (2019), Chulalongkorn University (762008) in recognition of the financial assistance offered which enabled this research study to be completed. The authors would also like to express their gratitude to the Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, for the practical assistance offered and the facilities which were made available for the purposes of conducting the research.
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Saisavoey, T., Sangtanoo, P., Srimongkol, P. et al. Hydrolysates from bee pollen could induced apoptosis in human bronchogenic carcinoma cells (ChaGo-K-1). J Food Sci Technol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04592-2
- Bee pollen
- Human bronchogenic carcinoma cells
- Protein hydrolysate