As one of the youngest coastal wetland ecosystems in China, the Yellow River Delta has a gradual succession from bare land to grassland. Six typical communities were selected for the present study of the patterns and dynamics of soil microbial community under the gradual transitional succession. In which soil physicochemical properties such as soil pH, electrical conductivity, soil organic carbon, total nitrogen, and available phosphorus were measured simultaneously. The composition, structure, and variety of soil microorganisms were explored. Our results revealed that soil salinity decreased with succession, while soil organic carbon and total nitrogen exhibited an upward trend. Soil salinity, soil organic carbon, and total nitrogen were found to be the main factors that affect microbial composition and diversity in the Yellow River Delta. The phylum Gemmatimonadetes had the highest abundance in the saline bare land. Changes in the soil microbial composition and structure were observed under different succession stages, and microbial richness increased with succession. This research advances our understanding of the relationships among microbial species resources and soil environment with community succession in the Yellow River Delta. It could assist the identification of salt-tolerant microorganisms beneficial for future applications and saline-alkali land improvements.
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Thanks for the funding from the Ministry of Science and Technology and the National Foundation of China. And we would like to thank Jian Liu and Xiao Guo for their comments, and Huijuan Xia for provide and draw local images. The constructive comments from two anonymous reviewers and editors significantly improved our manuscript.
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This research was supported by the following funds: National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFC0505905), Key R&D Program of Shandong Province (No. 2019GSF109070), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31770361, and 31970347).
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Gao, Y., Liu, L., Zhu, P. et al. Patterns and Dynamics of the Soil Microbial Community with Gradual Vegetation Succession in the Yellow River Delta, China. Wetlands 41, 9 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13157-021-01414-9
- The Yellow River Delta
- Vegetation succession
- Soil physicochemical properties
- Soil microbial community